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Table 2 Self-reported age at circumcision, location, immediate complications and lifetime physical complaints due to the FGM groups

From: Psychopathological sequelae of female genital mutilation and their neuroendocrinological associations

  FGM I FGM II/III  
n = 60 n = 87 Statistics
Age at circ. (M ± SD [CI]) 3.1 ± 4.3 [2.0, 4.2] 7.6 ± 2.7 [7.0, 8.1] t(89.53) = −7.10***
Immediate complications (< 14 days after FGM; %, n)
 Severe pain 50% (11)1 84% (70)2 Chi2(1) = 11.63***
 Excessive bleeding 5% (1)1 23% (19)3 Chi2(1) = 3.72
 Infections/fever 0% (0)1 36% (30)2  
Lifetime chronic physical complaints due to FGM (%, n)
 Pelvic pain 10% (6) 60% (52) Chi2(1) = 36.82***
 Urination problems 10% (6) 37% (32) Chi2(1) = 13.29***
 Menstruation problem 11% (7) 67% (58) Chi2(1) = 43.55***
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001; 1n = 22, 2n = 83, 3n = 84