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Table 5 Measurement invariance by country, gender and age group

From: Examination of performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form 10 among African youth in poor, rural households

  χ 2 df p-value RMSEA RMSEA 90% lower RMSEA 90% upper TLI CFI SRMR Reference Model ∆x2 ∆CFI
Gender
 1.Configural 941.63 68 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.91 0.93 0.04
 2.Metric 966.62 78 0.00 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.92 0.93 0.05 1 24.99 0.00
 3.Scalar 1007.03 88 0.00 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.93 0.93 0.05 2 40.41 0.00
Age group (> 18 years vs ≤ 18 years)
 1.Configural 962.39 68 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.91 0.93 0.05
 2.Metric 1059.65 78 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.91 0.92 0.06 1 97.26 −0.01
 3.Scalar 1326.31 88 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.90 0.90 0.07 2 266.66 −0.02
Country
 1.Configural 1289.23 170 0.00 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.89 0.91 0.05
 2.Metric 1840.18 210 0.00 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.87 0.87 0.07 1 550.95 −0.04
 3.Scalar 4102.85 250 0.00 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.73 0.70 0.07 2 2262.67 −0.17
  1. χ2 chi-square, df degree of freedom, RMSEA root mean square error of approximation, CI confidence interval, TLI Tucker-Lewis index, CFI comparative fit index, SRMR standardized root mean squared residual. Measurment invariance by groups estimated with pooled sample