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Table 1 Background profile of the respondents at third trimester of pregnancy (in percent unless otherwise specified)

From: Prevalence and determinants of antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms in expectant mothers and fathers: results from a perinatal psychiatric morbidity cohort study in the east and west coasts of Malaysia

  East Coast West coast
Mothers
Na=450
Fathers
Na=440
p value Na Mothers
N = 454
Na Fathers
N = 143
p value
Socioeconomic profile
 Age, mean (SD) 29.3(5.0) 32.3(6.1) < 0.001 448 28.9(4.1) 134 30.1(5.1) 0.005
 Race     453   138   
  Malay 94.7 82.7 < 0.001   91.8   89.9 0.469
 Chinese/Indian/aboriginal 5.3 17.3    8.2   10.1  
 Religion     453   138   
  Islam 94.9 94.8 0.943   92.5   94.9 0.325
  Hindu/Buddhist/Christian 5.1 5.2    7.5   5.1  
 Education     449   132   
  Primary 4.0 4.1 0.012   0.4   2.3 0.136
  Secondary 52.0 61.6    31.6   31.1  
  Tertiary 44.0 34.3    67.9   66.7  
 Occupation     454   134   
  Government employee 24.0 26.1 < 0.001   19.6   20.9 < 0.001
  Non-government employee 19.8 41.8    37.0   57.5  
  Self employed 5.6 31.8    9.0   21.6  
 Home maker/unemployed 50.7 0.2    34.4   0.0  
Obstetric information
 Parity     454     
  Primipara 31.8    40.1   
  Multipara 68.2     59.9    
 Planned current pregnancy 49.1 53.9 0.156 449 45.0 129 45.0 0.996
 Sex preference     449   131   
  Boy 14.4 27.0 < 0.001   19.4   28.2 < 0.001
  Girl 16.7 12.3    17.8   4.6  
  No preference 68.9 60.7    62.8   67.2  
 Social support     453   143   
  Low 1.3 0.9 0.083   0.9   0.0 0.090
  Moderate 35.1 42.3    23.4   31.5  
  High 63.6 56.8    75.7   68.5  
 Family support, mean (SD) 22.5(3.5) 21.8(3.7) 0.004   23.4(3.5)   22.4(3.9) 0.003
 Friends support, mean (SD) 20.2(4.1) 19.7(3.9) 0.079   20.9(3.9)   19.5(4.1) < 0.001
 Significant other support, mean (SD) 22.9(4.5) 22.6(4.5) 0.412   23.6(4.2)   24.2(4.5) 0.151
Intimate partner violence
 Poor relations with spouse 15.6 14.1 0.213 452 22.1 132 4.5 0.012
 Physical abuse ever 2.7   452 2.7   
 Physical abuse during current pregnancy 1.3   453 1.5   
Experienced stressful life event 13.6 20.2 0.008 452 18.1 142 35.2 < 0.001
Previous history of mental illness     448   126   
 Previous depressive symptoms 3.6 2.0 0.173   12.7   7.1 0.083
 Depressive symptoms in earlier pregnancy 6.7 2.7 0.006   12.3   8.0 0.182
  1. aData available for analysis