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Table 2 Logistic regression model examining associated factors of expectant mothers’ depressive symptoms

From: Prevalence and determinants of antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms in expectant mothers and fathers: results from a perinatal psychiatric morbidity cohort study in the east and west coasts of Malaysia

Associated factors Full model Final model
Adjusted OR CI95% Adjusted OR CI95%
Socioeconomic status
 Income earner
  No 1    
  Yes 1.08 0.51–2.26  
 Economic status
  High income 1    
  Middle income 1.07 0.44–2.59  
  Low income 1.55 0.53–4.49  
 Social support
  Low support 1   1  
  Moderate support 0.12 0.02–0.65 0.16 0.03–0.73
  High support 0.09 0.02–0.50 0.13 0.03–0.59
Intimate partner violence
 Experienced physical violence ever
  No 1   1  
  Yes 10.93 2.79–42.83 12.13 3.48–42.23
Relationship with husband
  Good 1   1  
  Poor 3.50 1.78–6.87 3.92 2.05–7.53
Pregnancy related indicators
 Planned current pregnancy     
  No 1    
  Yes 0.65 0.35–1.21  
 Husband’s sex preference
  No 1    
  Yes 1.18 0.62–2.23  
 Restriction during pregnancy
  No 1    
  Yes 1.73 0.90–3.35  
 Stressful life event
  No 1    
  Yes 1.86 0.89–3.88  
History of mental illness
 Previous history of depression
  No 1    
  Yes 0.96 0.31–2.98  
 Depression in earlier pregnancy
  No 1   1  
  Yes 5.48 2.35–12.79 6.78 3.21–14.34
 Husband’s depression in current pregnancy
  No 1   1  
  Yes 2.68 1.16–6.17 3.95 1.79–8.70