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Table 2 Sample clinical characteristics at baseline and at one-year follow-up

From: Maternal personality disorder symptoms in primary health care: associations with mother–toddler interactions at one-year follow-up

  Baseline Follow up    
  All participants Attrition group Remaining group     
  n mean sd n mean sd n mean sd n mean sd cut off (diagnosis) n (%) with symptoms over cut off Scale range
Personality disorder symptoms
 Avoidant 122 1.93 1.95 28 2.29 2.56 94 1.82 1.85 ≥ 4 26 (21.3) 0–8
    Dependent 122 1.81 1.88 28 2.61 *** 2.39 94 1.57 *** 1.64 ≥ 5 13 (10.7) 0–8
 Obsessive-compulsive 122 3.88 1.74 28 4.00 1.89 94 3.84 1.70 ≥ 4 69 (56.6) 0–11
 Paranoid 122 1.34 1.60 28 2.04 *** 2.03 94 1.14 *** 1.40 ≥ 5 8 (6.6) 0–16
 Schizoid 122 0.73 0.97 28 0.68 0.86 94 0.75 1.00 ≥ 4 1 (0.8) 0–8
 Schizotypal 122 0.41 1.66 28 2.04 1.88 94 1.22 1.55 ≥ 5 10 (8.2) 0–10
 Antisocial 122 0.85 0.85 28 0.86 0.85 94 0.85 0.94 ≥ 3 6 (4.9) 0–10
 Borderline 122 2.48 2.15 28 3.61 *** 2.69 94 2.14 *** 1.85 ≥ 5 19 (15.6) 0–7
 Histrionic 122 1.25 1.22 28 1.39 1.17 94 1.21 1.24 ≥ 5 1 (0.8) 0–9
 Narcissistic 122 0.86 1.05 28 1.29 ** 1.33 94 0.73 ** 0.87 ≥ 5 1 (0.8) 0–9
 Impairment and distress 122 0.66 1.03 28 0.80 * 1.26 94 0.63 * 0.96 ≥ 2 20 (16.4) 0–5
Depressive symptoms 118 12.11 8.64 24 15.96 * 11.23 94 10.99 ** 7.84 85 8.74 *** 7.05 0–64
EAS subscales
 Maternal sensitivity 152 22.41 5.12 42 21.48 4.94 110 22.77 5.16 110 25.29 *** 3.92 7–29
 Maternal structuring 152 23.26 4.50 42 22.38 4.29 110 23.60 4.55 110 25.90 *** 3.39 7–29
 Maternal non-hostility 152 26.01 3.58 42 24.92 * 4.18 110 26.44 * 3.24 110 27.32 *** 2.50 7–29
 Maternal non-intrusiveness 152 22.24 5.72 42 21.26 6.16 110 22.63 5.52 110 25.27 *** 4.34 7–29
 Child responsiveness 152 22.66 5.36 42 21.59 5.06 110 23.07 5.43 110 25.70 *** 4.08 7–29
 Child involvement 152 22.43 5.94 42 20.50 5.97 110 21.79 5.92 110 25.11 *** 4.71 7–29
  1. Maternal personality disorder symptoms measured with the DIP-Q (DSM IV and ICD-10 Personality Questionnaire)
  2. * = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01, *** = p < 0.001 (independent samples t-tests of characteristics in attrition compared to remaining groups in baseline sample, and paired sample t-tests comparing characteristics of remaining and follow up groups). Significant findings are shown bold