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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of participants

From: A new device-aided cognitive function test, User eXperience-Trail Making Test (UX-TMT), sensitively detects neuropsychological performance in patients with dementia and Parkinson’s disease

  HC MCI&D PD
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Welch’s t-test p-value
Age 55.8 (13.7) 79.4 (7.6) 68.6 (6.7) < 0.001
Sex (Male:Female) 11:18 13:11 13:15 0.516
Handedness (Left:Right) 1:28 1:23 2:16 0.532
Education (y) 15.5 (3.8) 13.8 (2.3) 14.4 (2.5) 0.209
Mood (item 2) 4.9 (1.0) 4.7 (1.5) 4.9 (1.0) 0.883
Physical Condition (item 3) 2.3 (0.8) 3.0 (1.1) 2.8 (1.0) 0.026
Sleepiness (item 4) 2.5 (1.3) 2.5 (1.1) 3.4 (1.0) 0.004
PANAS20-J_P 32 (7.7) 29.4 (6.3) 29.29 (6.5) 0.155
PANAS20-J_N 19.5 (6.5) 22.7 (8.0) 24.8 (7.3) 0.005
SF12_Vitality 54.1 (11.1) 51.0 (11.3) 48.2 (11.8) 0.056
  1. MMSE-J: Mini-Mental State Examination Japanese, MoCA-J: Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, EF: executive function, TMT: Trail Making Test, PANAS20-J_P: The Japanese version of 20-item Positive and Negative Affect Schedule positive affect score, PANAS20-J_N: The Japanese version of 20-item Positive and Negative Affect Schedule negative affect score, SF12_Vitality: SF-12 healthy survey, score on the subscale of vitality