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Table 5 Percentage of subjects classified into 8 outcome categories based on raw scores according to the revised JT approach of Parabiaghi et al. [22]

From: Treatment results for severe psychiatric illness: which method is best suited to denote the outcome of mental health care?

institution 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total Rank ordera Rho
Mild illness 40.4 17.7 21.4 15.2 22.9 36.3 29.3 24.9 21.1 34.2 26.4 4 2 9 3 5 8 7 10 6 1 .13
Improvement to mild illness 18.5 17.7 22.3 18.3 20.5 22.8 26.9 28.3 31.2 32.7 24.6 2 4 1 5 3 6 7 8 9 10 .92**
Improvement to moderate illness 3.8 6.8 7.0 11.4 7.7 4.4 6.9 8.2 7.1 4.5 6.9 1 6 10 2 7 3 9 5 8 4 .23
Improvement within severe illness 1.5 7.8 6.5 9.7 6.8 3.8 3.4 5.9 6.4 2.0 5.3 1 10 7 6 8 9 3 5 2 4 −.29
Stability in moderate illness 12.1 12.0 8.4 9.3 10.4 11.4 9.1 7.8 5.9 8.0 9.2   
Worsening to moderate illness 4.9 5.2 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.0 4.0 3.9 4.4 3.0 3.6 2 1 9 7 8 3 10 4 5 6 .26
Stability in severe illness 7.2 20.3 15.8 17.9 18.8 11.7 8.9 11.4 10.3 8.0 12.5   
Worsening in/to severe illness 11.7 12.5 15.3 15.5 10.1 7.6 11.5 9.6 13.5 7.5 11.4 4 3 9 2 1 7 5 8 6 10 .52
  1. Improvement based on SEM: pre-to-posttest change ≤4
  2. Mild illness: post < 10; moderate illness: post = 10–13; severe illness post > 13
  3. aRank order is not provided for stability categories; rank order of worsening is reversed
  4. **p < .01