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Table 1 Baseline characteristics according to levels of competitiveness, tension and dependency on a sample of 15,604 participants from the SUN cohort [Mean (standard deviation) or percentage]

From: Self-perceived level of competitiveness, tension and dependency and depression risk in the SUN cohort

  Competitiveness Tension Dependency
  Low (1–4) Moderate (5–6) High (7–10) Low (1–4) Moderate (5–6) High (7–10) Low (1–4) Moderate (5–6) High (7–10)
N 1170 3788 10,646 3852 4766 6986 10,407 1653 3544
Sex (% female) 63.3 63.8 57.1 55.9 62.3 58.9 54.1 68.0 58.4
Age (years) 37.3 (11.7) 37.5 (11.8) 37.2 (12.3) 36.5 (12.0) 37.0 (12.2) 37.9 (12.2) 37.4 (11.9) 34.3 (12.4) 38.2 (12.6)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.6 (3.5) 23.4 (3.5) 23.5 (3.5) 23.8 (3.5) 23.4 (3.4) 23.5 (3.5) 23.5 (3.4) 22.9 (3.2) 23.7 (3.6)
Marital status married (%) 52.6 52.1 50.2 48.9 48.6 53.5 51.8 39.0 53.5
Level of education (years) 4.9 (1.4) 4.9 (1.4) 5.1 (1.6) 5.0 (1.5) 5.0 (1.5) 5.1 (1.6) 5.1 (1.6) 4.8 (1.3) 5.0 (1.5)
Health professionals (%) 56.7 58.0 54.1 57.8 56.1 53.8 55.4 52.6 55.8
Employed (%) 78.2 77.9 78.9 77.7 77.7 79.7 79.9 69.8 78.8
Smoking status (%)
 Ex-smokers 23.2 26.2 24.3 21.0 24.4 26.7 24.8 19.5 26.6
 Current smokers 26.1 26.1 23.5 25.0 16.6 15.9 15.9 17.5 16.9
Leisure-time physical activity (MET x h/week) 22.7 (19.1) 25.4 (21.5) 28.3 (25.0) 27.6 (24.8) 27.7 (24.4) 26.5 (22.9) 27.7 (24.3) 24.9 (21.9) 26.7 (23.3)
Sitting (h/day) 5.2 (2.0) 5.1 (2.0) 5.3 (2.1) 5.3 (2.0) 5.2 (2.1) 5.3 (2.1) 5.3 (2.0) 5.4 (2.1) 5.2 (2.0)
Prevalence of diabetes (%) 1.4 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.2
Prevalence of hypertension (%) 6.1 7.6 8.3 6.8 7.3 9.1 8.1 7.0 8.2
Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (%) 16.0 16.0 16.7 14.4 15.2 18.4 16.5 14.2 17.4
Prevalence of cancer (%) 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.9 3.1 3.7 3.7 2.7 3.4
Weight gain ≥3 kg in last 5 years (%) 32.1 29.5 29.6 30.5 29.0 30.0 29.6 30.1 30.2
Mediterranean diet score 4.2 (1.8) 4.2 (1.7) 4.3 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7) 4.3 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7) 4.3 (1.7) 4.0 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7)
Dietary attitudes score 6.6 (2.6) 7.0 (2.5) 7.1 (2.5) 6.9 (2.5) 7.1 (2.5) 7.0 (2.5) 7.0 (2.5) 6.9 (2.5) 7.1 (2.5)
Following a special diet (%) 6.9 6.6 8.0 6.9 7.6 8.0 7.5 6.4 8.4
Nutritional supplements (%) 15.5 16.9 18.5 16.2 17.6 19.1 18.0 18.2 17.4
Snacking (%) 40.2 35.7 30.9 32.2 32.1 33.4 31.6 37.9 33.6
Dietary supplements (%) 15.5 16.9 18.5 16.2 17.6 19.1 18.0 18.2 17.4
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 2404 (609) 2335 (618) 2351 (614) 2365 (625) 2339 (608) 2352 (614) 2357 (613) 2369 (619) 2329 (619)
Protein (% E) 17.8 (3.2) 18.0 (3.2) 18.3 (3.3) 18.1 (3.4) 18.3 (3.2) 18.2 (3.3) 18.1 (3.2) 18.0 (3.3) 18.4 (3.3)
Carbohydrates (% E) 43.3 (7.3) 43.4 (7.3) 43.1 (7.3) 43.2 (7.3) 43.3 (7.2) 43.2 (7.4) 43.3 (7.3) 43.2 (7.5) 43.0 (7.3)
Fats (% E) 36.9 (6.7) 36.5 (6.5) 36.6 (6.5) 36.7 (6.5) 36.5 (6.4) 36.6 (6.5) 36.5 (6.4) 37.1 (6.9) 36.5 (6.4)
Cholesterol (mg/day) 422.2 (145.5) 408.9 (147.8) 417.5 (147.9) 417.5 (149.2) 412.5 (144.2) 416.9 (149.3) 414.9 (148.0) 419.9 (143.1) 416.3 (149.2)
Fiber (g/day) 27.5 (11.4) 27.5 (11.8) 27.9 (12.3) 27.6 (12.3) 28.1 (12.1) 27.7 (11.9) 27.9 (12.3) 27.1 (11.4) 27.6 (11.7)
Alcohol (g/day) 6.5 (10.4) 6.8 (10.3) 6.7 (9.9) 6.9 (9.9) 6.5 (9.6) 6.7 (10.4) 6.8 (10.0) 5.5 (9.6) 6.9 (10.4)