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Table 3 Baseline, Follow-up and change over 4-year period

From: Prospective observational cohort study of ‘treatment as usual’ over four years for patients with schizophrenia in a national forensic hospital

  Baseline Follow-up difference    RCI RMC
\( \overline{x} \) SD M \( \overline{x} \) SD M \( \overline{x} \) SD M p d n % n %
Full sample n = 69
 D-3 2.35 0.95 2.42 2.07 1.13 1.86 0.29 0.79 0.14 0.004 0.367 22 31.8 17 23
 HCR-D 7.98 4.48 8.00 7.29 4.57 6.00 0.70 3.71 0.00 0.125 0.187 7 10.1   
 HCR-C 4.52 2.77 5.00 3.71 2.62 3.00 0.81 2.16 0.00 0.003 0.377 7 10.1   
 HCR-R 3.46 2.10 3.00 3.56 2.42 3.00 −0.10 1.93 0.00 0.664 −0.053 3 4.3   
Less than 2112 days (n = 35)
 D-3 2.62 0.96 3.00 2.29 1.16 2.14 0.33 0.87 0.14 0.030 0.392 13 37.1 11 31.4
 HCR-D 8.57 5.13 9.00 7.57 4.81 7.00 1 4.07 1.00 0.156 0.246 4 11.4   
 HCR-C 4.94 3.17 5.00 3.91 2.41 3.00 1.03 2.24 1.00 0.010 0.495 5 14.3   
 HCR-R 3.63 2.28 3.00 3.66 2.76 3.00 −0.28 2.05 0.00 0.935 −0.127 2 5.7   
More than 2112 days (n = 34)
 D-3 2.08 0.88 2.07 1.84 1.07 1.71 0.24 0.72 0.14 0.065 0.339 9 26.4 6 17.1
 HCR-D 7.38 3.68 7.00 7.00 4.37 6.00 0.38 3.34 0.00 0.509 0.116 3 8.8   
 HCR-C 4.09 2.26 3.00 3.47 2.46 3.00 0.59 2.08 0.00 0.108 0.302 2 5.9   
 HCR-R 3.29 1.91 4.00 3.50 2.49 3.00 −0.18 1.83 0.00 0.578 −0.119 1 2.9   
  1. Note: \( \overline{x} \) mean, SD standard deviation, M median, D-3 DUNDRUM-3 Programme Completion scale, HCR-D HCR-20 dynamic items, HCR-C HCR-20 clinical items, HCR-R HCR-20 risk item, RCI Reliable Change Index, RMC Reliable and Meaningful Change