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Table 1 Demographics including chronic stressors and earthquake exposure at Time 1

From: An integrated approach to mental health and disaster preparedness: a cluster comparison with earthquake affected communities in Nepal

Variable Total sample Chhaling (Community A) Tathali (Community B)
Total participants 240 120 120
Gender 60% female; 40% male 61% female; 39% male 59% female; 41% male
Age M = 38 years, Range 18–72 M = 40 years, Range 18–72 M = 37 years, Range 18–68
Marital status 86% married 90% married 82% married
Children M = 2.1, Median: 2.0 M = 2.2, Median: 2.0 M = 1.9, Median: 2.0
Religion 99% Hindu 99% Hindu; 1% Other 99% Hindu; 1% Christian
Caste/ethnicity 65% Janajati (primarily Newar); 34% Brahmin/Chettri; 1% Dalit/Other 87% Janjati (primarily Newar); 13% Brahmin/Chettri 42% Janajati (primarily Newar); 55% Brahmin/Chettri 1%; Dalit; 2% other
Employment 50% agriculture; 24% work at home; 9% professional; 9% student; 5% business/labor 53% agriculture; 26% work at home; 6% professional; 6% student; 4% business/labor 46% agriculture; 22% work at home; 12% professional; 12% student; 5% business/labor
Education 20% unable to read or write; 61% primary to secondary; 19% intermediate or above 20% unable to read or write; 63% primary to secondary; 17% intermediate or above 19% unable to read or write; 60% primary to secondary; 21% intermediate or above
Time in community 90% more than 10 years 88% more than 10 years 91% more than 10 years
Chronic Stressors % with yes response (serious problem because….)
 Insufficient water or food 30% 36% 24%
 Insufficient income for basic necessities 28% 31% 25%
 Poor health (physical illness, injury or disability) 17% 13% 21%
Earthquake exposure
 Experienced April 25th, 2015 earthquake 100% 100% 100%
 House badly damaged or destroyed due to earthquake 92% 94% 89%
 If yes, sleeping in a temporary structure outside 72% 66% 78%
  1. Communities were matched on demographic variables, chronic stressors and earthquake exposure at T1. Only significant difference in demographics between communities at T1 was for caste/ethnicity, with significantly more Janajati in Chhaling and more Brahmin/Chettri in Tathali