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Table 2 Internal consistency of item-dimension scores of the future disposition inventory-24

From: The future disposition Inventory-24: reliability and validity estimates in a large sample of Chinese University students

Abbreviated content items Mean ± SD r
Positive focus
 1. I expect things to turn out better. 4.08±1.14 .809
 2. I plan to work harder to make things better. 4.03±1.11 .828
 5. I plan to deal better with most of the setbacks. 3.61±1.19 .747
 7. I expect to enjoy the results or outcomes of all my hard work. 3.90±1.17 .794
 10. I remain determined to deal better with demands on me. 3.84±1.13 .823
 11. I expect to be happier and more content with my life. 3.99±1.12 .822
 13. I plan to look at the positive side of my life. 3.74±1.12 .783
 15 I intend to succeed in working through most personal problems. 3.77±1.16 .741
Suicide orientation
 3. I think that by ending my life, all problems will go away. 1.63±1.14 .737
 6. I think life is not worth living. 1.58±1.08 .830
 8. I think things will get better if I were dead. 1.51±1.03 .865
 9. I think people would be better off without me. 1.57±1.12 .798
 17. I sometimes wish I were dead. 1.52±1.06 .873
 18. I think I would be better off dead. 1.45±1.03 .884
 22. I wish I could succeed at attempts to kill myself. 1.42±0.98 .816
 23. I have nothing to lose by ending my life. 1.48±1.05 .808
Negative focus
 4. I worry that things will never go well. 1.76±1.10 .665
 12. I get confused and uncertain. 2.49±1.15 .853
 14. I doubt whether things will ever get better. 2.39±1.14 .697
 16. I have a hard time imagining that things will ever get better for me. 1.80±1.13 .691
 19. I wonder whether I would ever be satisfied. 2.34±1.20 .629
 20. I fear that I will run into more difficulties. 2.16±1.14 .762
 21. All I can see ahead of me are hardships. 1.68±1.03 .730
 24. I often doubt whether I will ever have control. 1.86±1.15 .765