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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Long-term psychiatric inpatients’ perspectives on weight gain, body satisfaction, diet and physical activity: a mixed methods study

Sociodemographic factors
 Age Mean = 38 years (SD 10.4, range 19–68)
 Gender  
  Male 40 (78%)
  Female 11 (22%)
 Ethnicity  
  New Zealand Pakeha 15 (29%)
  Māori 33 (65%)
  Pacific Island 13 (26%)
  Other 3 (6%)
 Relationship status  
  Single 40 (78%)
  Married or de facto relationship 4 (8%)
  Separated or divorced 6 (12%)
  Widowed 1 (2%)
 Education  
  No school leaving certificate 33 (65%)
  School certificate 14 (27%)
  Further higher qualifications 4 (8%)
Illness-related factors
 Diagnosis (per ICD criteria)  
  Schizophrenia 40 (78%)
  Schizoaffective disorder 6 (12%)
  Bipolar disorder (with psychotic features) 2 (4%)
  Other (unspecified psychosis etc.) 3 (6%)
 Legal status  
  Voluntary inpatient order 1 (2%)
  Compulsory treatment order 50 (98%)
 Most common medications  
  Clozapine 25 (49%)
  Non-clozapine antipsychotic FGA = 4 (8%), SGA = 17 (33%), FGA + SGA =4 (8%)
  Mood stabiliser 15 (29%)
  Metformin 23 (45%)
  Statin 15 (30%)
 Mean age at onset of first treatment 21.9 years (SD = 6.7)
 Mean duration of treatment 15.9 years (SD = 9.4)
 Mean length of admission 19.7 months (SD = 20.3)
Weight
Mean BMI (kg/m2) Our participants New Zealand population [35]
 All 35.3 (SD 8.1) 28.2 (SD 0.1)
 Male 34.2 (SD 7.1) 28.1 (SD 0.2)
 Female 39.4 (SD 11.0) 28.3 (SD 0.2)
World Health Organisation weight classification grading Our participants New Zealand population [35]
 Normal weight range (BMI < 25) 3 (6%) 33.3%
 Overweight (BMI 25–29.9) 10 (20%) 35.2%
 Obesity Class I (BMI 30–34.9) 10 (20%) 18.9%
 Obesity Class II (BMI 35–35.9) 14 (28%) 7.6%
 Obesity Class III (BMI > 40) 13 (26%) 5.1%
Change in weight since admission  
 Weight gain (> 5 kg) 24 (47.2%)
 Minimal change 14 (27.8%)
 Weight loss (> 5 kg) 13 (25%)