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Table 2 Demographical characteristics of the sample (N = 100)

From: Association between acute critical life events and the speed of onset of depressive episodes in male and female depressed patients

Variables Total sample (N = 100) Males (N = 39) Females (N = 61) P
Age in years (Mean (SD)) 46.61 (17.07) 46.18 (14.65) 46.89 (18.56) 0.99a
Nationality: German (%) 98 (98%) 39 (100%) 59 (96.7%) 0.52b
Educational level 0.051b
- Pupils (%) 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.6%)
- Special school leaving certificate (%) 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.6%)
- Secondary modern school leaving certificate (%) 14 (14%) 1 (2.6%) 13 (21.3%)
- Junior high school leaving certificate (%) 38 (38%) 16 (41.0%) 22 (36.1%)
- University-entrance diploma (%) 17 (17%) 9 (23.1%) 8 (13.1%)
- Technical college / university degree (%) 29 (29%) 13 (33.3%) 16 (26.2%)
Partner situation 0.59b
- No short-term partner (%) 12 (12%) 7 (17.9%) 5 (8.2%)
- No long-term or enduring partner (%) 29 (29%) 12 (30.8%) 17 (27.9%)
- Varying partners (%) 3 (3%) 1 (2.6%) 2 (3.3%)
- Permanent partner (spouse) (%) 26 (26%) 8 (20.5%) 18 (29.5%)
- Permanent partner (no spouse) (%) 30 (30%) 11 (28.2%) 19 (31.1%)
Profession 0.35b
- Pupil, student, vocational training (%) 9 (9%) 4 (10.3%) 5 (8.2%)
- Employed (full-time) (%) 36 (36%) 17 (43.6%) 19 (31.1%)
- Employed (part-time) (%) 8 (8%) 1 (2.6%) 7 (11.5%)
- Unemployed (%) 19 (19%) 8 (20.5%) 11 (18.0%)
- Vocational disability benefit (%) 7 (7%) 3 (7.7%) 4 (6.6%)
- Early retirement pension, retirement pension (%) 14 (14%) 6 (15.4%) 8 (13.1%)
- Widow’s pension (%) 5 (5%) 0 (0%) 5 (8.2%)
- Without employment, not otherwise specified (%) 2 (2%) 0 (0%) 2 (3.3%)
  1. Notes: SD standard deviation
  2. aMann-Whitney U test; b Fisher’s exact test (if at least one cell had an expected frequency < 5). All statistical tests had been two-sided