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Table 4 Acute critical life events in the sample (N = 100)

From: Association between acute critical life events and the speed of onset of depressive episodes in male and female depressed patients

Variables (MEAN (SD)) Total sample (N = 100) Males (N = 39) Females (N = 61) P Patients with depressive episodes (N = 43) Patients with recurrent depressive disorders (N = 57) P
Total number of acute critical life events 4.36 (2.98) 4.95 (3.40) 3.98 (2.64) 0.16a 4.58 (3.19) 4.19 2.83) 0.60a
Total number of foreseeable acute critical life events 2.07 (1.99) 2.41 (2.20) 1.85 (1.82) 0.20a 2.19 (2.30) 1.98 (1.73) 0.95a
Total number of unforeseeable acute critical life events 2.29 (1.99) 2.54 (2.25) 2.13 (1.81) 0.48a 2.40 (2.05) 2.21 (1.96) 0.70a
Total number of acute positive critical life events 1.44 (1.71) 1.92 (1.77) 1.13 (1.62) 0.02a 1.49 (1.78) 1.40 (1.68) 0.79a
Total number of acute neutral critical life events 0.43 (0.70) 0.31 (0.57) 0.51 (0.77) 0.22a 0.44 (0.70) 0.42 (0.71) 0.87a
Total number of acute negative critical life events 2.49 (1.93) 2.72 (2.33) 2.34 (1.62) 0.75a 2.65 (2.07) 2.37 (1.82) 0.52a
Total number of acute major critical life events 2.79 (2.01) 3.00 (2.33) 2.66 (1.78) 0.61a 3.00 (2.13) 2.63 (1.92) 0.44a
Total number of acute minor critical life events 1.57 (1.68) 1.95 (2.01) 1.33 (1.40) 0.15a 1.58 (1.83) 1.56 (1.58) 0.90a
Mean burden of acute critical life events 3.31 (0.85) (n = 96) 3.18 (0.98) (n = 37) 3.39 (0.76) (n = 59) 0.25b 3.23 (0.74) (n = 41) 3.37 (0.93) (n = 55) 0.45b
Mean unpleasantness of acute critical life events 3.50 (0.89) (n = 96) 3.31 (0.99) (n = 37) 3.61 (0.81) (n = 59) 0.10a 3.49 (0.82) (n = 41) 3.51 (0.95) (n = 55) 0.77a
  1. Notes: SD standard deviation
  2. aMann-Whitney U test; b t test for independent sample comparison
  3. No group difference was significant at the alpha-adjusted significance level (α = 0.005)