Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample counts and percentage reporting serious mental illness, as defined by scores ≥ 13 out of 24 on the Kessler 6 Psychological Distress Scale, across sample characteristics

From: Residential green space quantity and quality and symptoms of psychological distress: a 15-year longitudinal study of 3897 women in postpartum

  N % K6 ≥ 13 Chi2 (p-value)
Total 20,407 12.4  
Green space quantity
  < 5% 4204 11.7  
 6–10% 3292 11.9  
 11–20% 5671 13.7  
 21–40% 4987 12.9  
  > 41% 2253 10.3 22.2 (< 0.001)
Parks good quality
 Do not agree 3726 16.0  
 Agree 9626 12.8  
 Strongly Agree 6548 9.7  
 No response 507 13.4 89.2 (< 0.001)
Years since childbirth
 0-1y 1658 14.2  
 2-3y 1623 8.8  
 4-5y 3362 15.4  
 6-7y 3440 11.0  
 8-9y 3312 11.7  
 10-11y 3436 12.1  
 12-13y 1810 12.6  
 14-15y 1766 12.9 60.4 (< 0.001)
Age group
 17 to 29 1004 16.4  
 30 to 34 3198 13.8  
 35 to 39 6007 12.3  
 40 to 44 6084 12.0  
 45 to 63 4114 11.2 26.9 (< 0.001)
Indigenous status
 No 20,108 12.3  
 Yes 290 18.6  
 No response 9 33.3 14.1 (0.001)
Highest educational qualification
 Postgraduate 3357 10.5  
 Undergraduate 12,172 12.7  
 Year 11 to 13 3172 11.4  
  ≤ Year 10 1693 16.1  
 Other 13 23.1 38.3 (< 0.001)
Economic status
 employed 14,994 10.4  
 economically inactive 4979 17.5  
 unemployed 419 23.6  
 no response 15 13.3 224.2 (< 0.001)
Area disadvantage
 affluent 6786 10.3  
 average 6745 12.4  
 deprived 6876 14.5 54.3 (< 0.001)
Geographic remoteness
 major cities 13,165 12.9  
 inner regional 4331 11.1  
 outer regional or remote 2911 12.2 9.9 (0.007)