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Table 3 Linear regression results of the direct relationships between personality and stigma (n = 870)

From: Direct and moderating effects of personality on stigma towards mental illness

  Weak-not-sick Dangerous/unpredictable Social distance
B β 95% CI p B β 95% CI p B β 95% CI p
Extraversion 0.429 0.157 0.268 0.590 0.000 0.146 0.046 −0.056 0.347 0.157 0.035 0.011 −0.168 0.239 0.733
Agreeableness −0.350 −0.088 − 0.587 − 0.113 0.004 −0.467 − 0.102 −0.764 − 0.170 0.002 − 0.619 − 0.137 − 0.918 − 0.319 0.000
Conscientiousness 0.081 0.026 −0.096 0.259 0.370 0.059 0.016 −0.163 0.282 0.600 0.251 0.070 0.026 0.475 0.028
Neuroticism −0.101 −0.033 −0.281 0.078 0.269 0.152 0.043 −0.073 0.377 0.185 0.238 0.068 0.011 0.465 0.040
Openness −0.340 −0.105 −0.534 − 0.146 0.001 − 0.421 −0.112 − 0.664 −0.178 0.001 −0.419 − 0.113 −0.664 − 0.174 0.001
  1. aB – unstandardized coefficient;
  2. bβ – standardized coefficient;
  3. cControlled for socio-demographics (i.e. age, gender, ethnicity, education level, monthly income, and type of study) + contact experiences (i.e. close contact and non-close contact) + vignette-associated variables (i.e. vignette type and the status whether the participants could correctly recognize the mental disorder in the assigned vignette);
  4. dClose contact was significant in predicting ‘dangerous/unpredictable’ (B = − 0.439, p = 0.032), and ‘social distance’ (B = − 0.800, p < 0.001);
  5. eNon-close contact was significant in predicting ‘weak-not-sick’ (B = − 0.495, p = 0.001), ‘dangerous/unpredictable’ (B = − 0.369, p = 0.041), and ‘social distance’ (B = − 0.539, p = 0.003);
  6. fCorrect identification of the mental disorder in the vignette was significant in predicting ‘weak-not-sick’ (B = − 0.372, p = 0.028), ‘dangerous/unpredictable’ (B = 0.460, p = 0.031), and ‘social distance’ (B = 0.510, p = 0.018)