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Table 2 Quality Review of 26 studies

From: The impact of immigration detention on mental health: a systematic review

 Quality Question 1-7
Study Clear focus on question Appropriate design Appropriate sampling method Appropriate sample Tolerable level of non-participation Exposure (detention) appropriately addressed Outcomes (mental health symptoms and disorders) appropriately addressed
Brabeck & Xu [59] High High High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate Low
Cleveland & Rousseau [38] High High Intermediate High Intermediate High High
Coffey et al. [40] High High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate High High
Cohen [50] Intermediate Low Low Low Low Intermediate Intermediate
Cwikel et al. [37] High High Low Intermediate Low High High
Graf et al. [47] High High High Intermediate Low High High
Green & Eagar [36] High Intermediate High Intermediate High High Intermediate
Hedrick [49] High High High Intermediate High Intermediate Intermediate
Ichikawa et al. [41] High High High High High High High
Keller et al. [44] Intermediate High Intermediate High High High High
Lorek et al. [52] High High Intermediate Intermediate Low High Intermediate
Mares [54] High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate Low High High
Mares & Jureidini [53] High High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate High Intermediate
Momartin et al. [51] High High Intermediate Intermediate High High High
Puthoopparambil et al. (2009) High High High Intermediate Intermediate High High
Robjant et al. [11] High High Intermediate High High High High
Rojas-Flores, L. [57] High High Intermediate Intermediate Low Intermediate High
Rothe et al. [55] Intermediate High Intermediate Low Low High Intermediate
Rothe et al. [56] High High Low Low Low High High
Sen et al. [45] High High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate High High
Sobhanian et al. [42] High Intermediate Low Intermediate Low High High
Steel et al. [23] High High High Intermediate High High Intermediate
Steel et al. [43] High High High Intermediate High High High
Steel et al. (2011) High High High High High High High
Young & Gordon [48] High High High Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate High
Zwi et al. [58] High High Intermediate High Intermediate High High
 Quality Question 8-13
Study Consideration of cofounders Appropriate conduction of statistical analyses Reporting of confidence intervals Consideration of ethical issues Adequate support for conclusions Generalisability of findings Total Score
Brabeck & Xu [59] High High High Intermediate High Intermediate 19/26
Cleveland & Rousseau [38] High High High High High High 24/26
Coffey et al. [40] Low High High High High Intermediate 20/26
Cohen [50] Low Low Low Intermediate High Intermediate 7/26
Cwikel et al. [37] High High Intermediate Intermediate High Intermediate 18/26
Graf et al. [47] Low High Low High High High 19/26
Green & Eagar [36] High High High Intermediate High High 22/26
Hedrick [49] Intermediate High Low Intermediate High High 19/26
Ichikawa et al. [41] High High High High High Intermediate 25/26
Keller et al. [44] High High High High High High 23/26
Lorek et al. [52] Intermediate Low Low Intermediate High Intermediate 14/26
Mares [54] Low High Low High High Intermediate 16/26
Mares & Jureidini [53] Low Intermediate Low Low High Intermediate 14/26
Momartin et al. [51] High High High Intermediate High Intermediate 22/26
Puthoopparambil et al. [46] High High High High High High 24/26
Robjant et al. [11] High High High High High High 25/26
Rojas-Flores, L. [57] High High Intermediate Intermediate High Intermediate 18/26
Rothe et al. (2002a) Low Low Low Low High Low 9/26
Rothe et al. (2002b) High High Low Intermediate High Low 15/26
Sen et al. [45] Intermediate High Low High High High 19/26
Sobhanian et al. [42] High High Low Intermediate High High 15/26
Steel et al. [23] Intermediate Intermediate Low High High Intermediate 19/26
Steel et al. [43] High High Intermediate High High Intermediate 23/26
Steel et al. [39] Intermediate Intermediate High High High Intermediate 24/26
Young & Gordon [48] Low High Low Intermediate High Intermediate 17/26
Zwi et al. [58] Intermediate High High Intermediate High High 22/26