Skip to main content

Table 4 Prevalence Rates of Mental Health Difficulties in Children and Families

From: The impact of immigration detention on mental health: a systematic review

  Steel et al. [23]
Diagnostic Interview
Mares & Jureidini [53]
Diagnostic Interview
Lorek et al. [52]
Diagnostic Interviews, Parent-report, Self-report
Prevalence Rates in Children (N = 20) Prevalence Rates in Parents (N = 14) Prevalence Rates in Children (N = 20) Prevalence Rates in Parents (N = 16) Prevalence Rates in Children (N = 11) Prevalence Rates in Parents (N = 9)
Mental Health Difficulty
 Major Depressive Disorder 95% 100% 100% 87% 100% 100%
 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder 50% 86% 100% 56% 17% 55%
 Anxiety Disorder 50% (separation anxiety) 100% 70% 36-100% 100%
 Sleep Related Difficulties 65% 100% 91%
 Eating Related Difficulties 100%
 Oppositional Defiant Disorder / Conduct Problems 45% 30% 55%
 Psychotic Symptoms 14% 25%
 Suicidal Ideation +  50% 93% 100%
 Self-harm 25% 36% 80% 31%
 Somatic Complaints 50% 91%
 Hyperactive Behaviour 27%
 Peer Relationship Problems 64%
Developmental Concerns
 Enuresis 50% of children in middle childhood n.a. 30% of children aged 6-17 13% of children aged 1-4 n.a.
 Encopresis n.a. 13% of children aged 1-4 n.a.
 Food Refusal n.a. 38% of children aged 1-4 n.a.
 Return to Nappies n.a 38% of children aged 1-4 n.a.
 Language Regression n.a. 50% of children aged under 5 50% of children aged 1-4 n.a.
 Attachment Problems n.a. 30% of children aged under 5 n.a. n.a.