Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics, health behavior

From: Psychosocial stress impairs health behavior in patients with mental disorders

  Total Women Men p-value
Age Mean (SD; range) 39.5 (14.1; 18-93) 40.4 (14.2; 18-93) 38.3 (13.9; 18-83) <0.001
Sex (%; n)   56.6 (1316) 43.4 (1010)  
Marital status (%; n)     <0.001
 single 50,3 (1133) 46.3 (589) 55.6 (544)  
 married 33,1 (745) 33.9 (431) 32,1 (314)  
 separate living 3,8 (86) 4.4 (56) 3.1 (30)  
 divorced 10,4 (234) 11.9 (152) 8.4 (82)  
 widowed 2,2 (49) 3.1 (40) 0.9(9)  
School degree (%; n)     n.s.
 in school 1.2 (27) 0.9 (11) 1.6 (16)  
 no or special school degree 1.9 (43) 1.8 (23) 2.0 (20)  
 basic school (“Hauptschule”) 24.3 (548) 22.8 (292) 26.2 (256)  
 secondary school (“Realschule”) 29.0 (654) 32.4 (415) 24.4 (239)  
 grammar school (“Abitur”) 41.7 (941) 40.3 (515) 43.6 (426)  
Vocational degree (%; n)     <0.001
 no vocational degree 15.3 (329) 12.3 (149) 19.2 (180)  
 still in vocational training 10.2 (218) 10.1 (122) 10.2 (96)  
 apprenticeship 39.3 (844) 43.6 (526) 33.9 (318)  
 master craftsman 3.4 (72) 1.7 (20) 5.5 (52)  
 university degree 21.0 (451) 20.5 (248) 21.6 (203)  
 others 10.8 (232) 11.8 (142) 9.6 (90)  
Vocational position (%; n)     <0.001
 employed full time 33.4 (743) 26.4 (333) 42.4 (410)  
 employed part time 16.3 (363) 23.4 (295) 7.0 (68)  
 not employed (e.g. housewife) 5.8 (130) 9.5 (120) 1.0 (10)  
 vocational training 8.6 (191) 7.9 (100) 9.4 (91)  
 unemployed 14.1 (315) 10.8 (136) 18.5 (179)  
 retired 9.7 (217) 10.6 (133) 8.7 (84)  
 others 12.0 (268) 11.3 (143) 12.9 (125)  
Diagnoses ICD-10 (%; n)
depression (F32, F33, F34) (%)     <0.001
 no depressive disorder / other 50.0 (1162) 46.4 (610) 54.7 (552)  
 mild depressive disorder 8.0 (185) 8.5 (112) 7.2 (73)  
 moderate depressive disorder 34.6 (804) 37.1 (488) 31.3 (316)  
 severe depressive disorder 7.5 (175) 8.1 (106) 6.8 (69)  
 anxiety disorder (F40. F41) (%) 27.3 (634) 29.0 (382) 25.0 (252) <0.05
 somatoform disorder (F45) (%) 18.2 (423) 20.7 (272) 15.0 (151) <0.001
 number of F-diagnoses/patient 2.0 (2326) 2.0 (1316) 2.0 (1010)  
Health behavior
 smoking (% yes; n) 38.4 (851) 34.0% (424) 44.0% (427) <0.001
 number of cig./day (M; SD) 11.4 (15.7) 10.5 (16.5) 12.4 (14.9) <0.05
 BMI (M; SD) 25.5 (5.8) 24.9 (6.3) 26.2 (5.1) <0.001
 obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0) (%; n) 18.5 (377) 19.3 (218) 17.4 (159)  
 uncontrolled eating (% yes; n) 24.9 (552) 27.3 (341) 21.7 (211) <0.001
 physical inactivity (< 2) 61.9 (1345) 62.3 (762) 61.3 (583)  
  1. Significant differences between female (n = 1316) and male (n = 1010) patients were tested by Chi2-Test for crosstabs and by F-Test for means, significant differences are highlighted in bold and presented as p-value