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Table 2 Frequency of psychosocial stress stratified by sex

From: Psychosocial stress impairs health behavior in patients with mental disorders

PHQ-stress scale (M; SD) M SD       p-value
 Total 8.08 4.26       <0.001
 Women 8.70 4.29       
 Men 7.34 4.11       
PHQ-stress items (M; n)         
not bothered bothered a little bothered a lot   
Worries about health 15.1 (335) 27.8 (619) 57.1 (1269)   <0.001
 Women 12.2 (152) 26.0 (325) 61.8 (772) [1]  
 Men 18.8 (183) 30.2 (294) 51.0 (497) [1]  
Stress at work or at school 43.7 (933) 22.0 (470) 34.3 (732)   <0.01
 Women 41.9 (501) 20.5 (245) 37.6 (449) [3]  
 Men 46.0 (432) 23.9 (225) 30.1 (283) [3]  
Worries about weight or look 31.9 (710) 36.0 (802) 32.1 (716)   <0.001
 Women 27.3 (343) 33.0 (415) 39.6 (498) [2]  
 Men 37.8 (367) 39.8 (387) 22.4 (218) [6]  
Financial problems or worries 39.6 (877) 30.1 (667) 30.2 (669)   n.s.
 Women 41.7 (519) 29.0 (361) 29.4 (366) [5]  
 Men 37.0 (358) 31.6 (306) 31.3 (303) [2]  
Little or no sexual desire 46.4 (1004) 26.7 (577) 26.9 (582)   <0.01
 Women 45.1 (543) 24.8 (299) 30.1 (363) [4]  
 Men 48.1 (461) 29.0 (278) 22.9 (219) [5]  
Difficulties with partner 49.7 (1066) 25.5 (546) 24.8 (532)   n.s.
 Women 48.7 (584) 25.1 (301) 26.1 (313) [7]  
 Men 51.0 (482) 25.9 (245) 23.2 (219) [4]  
Thinking / dreaming about something terrible that happened 56.2 (1236) 18.9 (416) 24.8 (546)   <0.001
 Women 49.1 (606) 21.6 (266) 29.3 (361) [6]  
 Men 65.3 (630) 15.5 (150) 19.2 (185) [8]  
Having no one to turn to with problems 47.2 (1041) 29.8 (657) 23.0 (507)   <0.05
 Women 45.0 (558) 30.4 (377) 24.7 (306) [8]  
 Men 50.1 (483) 29.0 (280) 20.9 (201) [7]  
Something bad that happened recently 64.4 (1391) 14.7 (317) 20.9 (452)   <0.001
 Women 60.8 (736) 15.2 (184) 24.0 (291) [9]  
 Men 69.0 (655) 14.0 (133) 17.0 (161) [9]  
Stress of care taking 61.5 (1336) 20.5 (446) 18.0 (392)   <0.001
 Women 57.3 (700) 21.6 (264) 21.0 (257) [10]  
 Men 66.7 (636) 19.1 (182) 14.2 (135) [10]  
  1. Psychosocial stressors are rated “not at all bothered” to “bothered a lot” and presented according to frequency of “bothered a lot”, rankings of men and women are presented in square brackets. Sex differences were calculated by Chi2-Test. Significant differences are highlighted in bold