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Table 6 Association between student characteristics and suicidal thoughts*

From: Perceived parental support in childhood and adolescence and suicidal ideation in young adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the i-Share study

Characteristic Unadjusted (n = 10,015) Adjusted ** (n = 8970)
Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.99 (0.96–1.02) 0.91 (0.85–0.97)
Gender
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 1.10 (0.97–1.24) 1.16 (0.90–1.50) 1.01 (0.88–1.16) 0.82 (0.62–1.10)
Parental divorce or separation
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.31 (1.17–1.46) 1.43 (1.16–1.78) 0.89 (0.78–1.01) 0.81 (0.62–1.05)
Parental death
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.22 (0.94–1.59) 2.20 (1.46–3.31) 1.08 (0.80–1.45) 1.75 (1.07–2.88)
Did not live in parental home during childhood
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.48 (1.05–2.08) 2.42 (1.40–4.17) 1.07 (0.72–1.58) 1.21 (0.63–2.32)
Perceived economic status in childhood
 Correct to very comfortable 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Difficult to very difficult 1.53 (1.29–1.82) 2.28 (1.70–3.07) 1.10 (0.90–1.35) 1.21 (0.63–2.32)
Parental history of depression or anxiety
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 2.06 (1.84–2.31) 2.84 (2.24–3.60) 1.59 (1.41–1.80) 1.59 (1.22–2.08)
Personal history of depression or attempted suicide
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 4.22 (3.71–4.81) 15.48 (12.40–19.33) 3.63 (3.13–4.20) 11.68 (9.06–15.07)
Perceived parental support
 Extremely strong 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Strong 1.57 (1.37–1.80) 1.40 (1.01–1.94) 1.55 (1.34–1.79) 1.23 (0.86–1.74)
 Moderate 2.50 (2.15–2.91) 4.27 (3.12–5.87) 2.11 (1.78–2.49) 2.90 (2.05–4.11)
 Low 4.08 (3.31–5.00) 8.28 (5.70–12.00) 3.33 (2.64–4.20) 4.91 (3.23–7.47)
 None 5.77 (4.00–8.32) 18.38 (11.08–30.48) 4.55 (2.97–6.99) 8.58 (4.62–15.96)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Data from the i-Share cohort, 2013–2017
  3. **Adjusted for age, gender, parental divorce or separation, parental death, not living in parental home during childhood, perceived economic status in childhood, personal history of depression or attempted suicide, and parental history of depression or anxiety