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Table 1 Sample characteristics of GHS-MHS (1997–1999)1 and DEGS1-MH (2009–2012)2

From: Time trends in depression prevalence and health-related correlates: results from population-based surveys in Germany 1997–1999 vs. 2009–2012

  Men Women
GHS-MHS
(n = 1911)
DEGS1-MH
(n = 1522)
GHS-MHS
(n = 2265)
DEGS1-MH
(n = 1743)
Age group (years), % (95%-CI)
 18–34 36.4 (33.5–39.5) 30.0 (26.9–33.2) 35.4 (33.0–37.9) 31.3 (28.8–34.0)
 35–49 34.0 (31.4–36.7) 36.0 (33.1–39.0) 33.3 (31.0–35.8) 36.1 (33.4–39.0)
 50–65 29.6 (27.0–32.3) 34.0 (31.3–36.9) 31.3 (29.3–33.4) 32.5 (30.0–35.2)
Socioeconomic status3, % (95%-CI)
 Low 17.0 (14.7–19.6) 18.2 (15.4–21.3) 17.6 (15.4–20.1) 16.9 (14.5–19.6)
 Medium 61.4 (58.8–63.9) 58.3 (54.9–61.6) 62.9 (60.4–65.4) 63.1 (59.5–66.6)
 High 21.7 (19.1–24.5) 23.5 (20.8–26.5) 19.4 (17.2–21.9) 20.0 (17.6–22.6)
Community size4, % (95%-CI)
 Rural (< 5000 inhabitants) 20.8 (14.0–29.8) 15.9 (10.6–23.2) 18.9 (12.6–27.4) 14.5 (9.4–21.5)
 Small town (5000 to < 20,000) 21.9 (14.7–31.5) 23.8 (17.4–31.7) 19.9 (13.3–28.5) 24.0 (17.6–31.8)
 Mid-sized town (20,000 to < 100,000) 26.7 (19.1–36.0) 29.2 (22.1–37.6) 28.7 (20.7–38.3) 29.8 (22.7–37.9)
 Large town (≥ 100,000) 30.6 (22.5–40.1) 31.0 (23.8–39.3) 32.6 (24.1–42.4) 31.8 (24.5–40.1)
Marital status, % (95%-CI)
 Married and living with partner 63.3 (60.2–66.2) 57.9 (54.4–61.2) 65.3 (62.2–68.3) 59.2 (55.8–62.4)
 Married and not living with partner 1.9 (1.2–3.0) 1.7 (1.0–3.0) 2.9 (2.1–3.9) 2.5 (1.6–3.7)
 Single (never been married) 28.9 (26.3–31.7) 34.3 (31.2–37.6) 20.7 (18.5–23.0) 28.1 (25.3–31.0)
 Divorced 4.9 (3.9–6.3) 5.2 (3.9–6.9) 6.7 (5.4–8.3) 6.9 (5.6–8.6)
 Widowed 1.0 (0.6–1.6) 0.9 (0.4–1.9) 4.4 (3.4–5.7) 3.4 (2.5–4.7)
  1. 1German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998, mental health supplement (GHS-MHS, 1997–1999): weighted for population structure as of 12/31/1997; age range: 18–65; n = 4176 with full mood disorders section within the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)
  2. 2German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults, mental health module (DEGS1-MH, 2009–2012): weighted for population structure as of 12/31/2010; age range: 18–65; n = 3265 with full mood disorders section within the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)
  3. 3Based on information regarding education, occupational status and net household income
  4. 4GHS-MHS: community size as of 12/31/1996; DEGS1-MH: community size as of 12/31/2006