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Table 2 Acceptability of the interventions

From: Acceptability of psychosocial interventions for dementia caregivers: a systematic review

Outcome Study Participants Type of intervention Rate/score
Participation rate Mahoney [36], 2001 Caregivers Social intervention, include Monitoring and counseling, support, and Activity/caregiver respite conversation. 84.7%
Hebert [57], 1994 Caregivers Social intervention, include dementia education, behaviour or emotional Problem-solving, etc. 52.9%
McCurry [61], 2015 Caregiver Cognitive intervention, include Problem-solving skills, Effective communication skills, negative thinking management, Coping strategies, education. 95.6%
Wilz [48], 2016 Caregiver Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 88.4%
Rotrou [50], 2011 Dyads Cognitive intervention, Include education, problem-solving techniques, emotion-centred coping strategies, behavior management, communication skills, crisis management, practical advice 95%
Pitkala [45], 2011 Dyads Physical intervention, tailored home-based exercise 94%
Castro [59], 2002 Caregivers Physical intervention, exercise program 41.2%
Mittelman [55], 2007 Caregivers Individual and family counseling, Provide counseling depended on the needs of each spouse caregiver and family 99%
Barbabella [35], 2018 Caregivers Web-based psychosocial intervention, Psychological and social support, Coping and reconciliation strategies, education, contact service. 95.9%
Zarit [43], 2013 Caregivers Social and psychological intervention,
Advanced Caregiver Education and Support Program
90%
Chee [46], 2007 Caregivers Skill-Building Intervention, include education, problem solving, communication, environmental and task simplification techniques, etc. 88%
Belle [52], 2006 Caregivers Multi-component intervention, include problem solving, skills training, stress management techniques, and telephone support groups, et al. 67%
Tremont [17], 2015 Caregivers Psychosocial intervention, include dementia education, emotional support etc. 66.8%
Livingston [47], 2014 Caregivers psychological intervention, START manual-based, individual coping intervention 55%
Whitlatch [25], 2006 Dyads multi-component EDDI dyadic program, include emotional support, communication skills, Dementia education 91%
Eloniemi-Sulkava [54],
2009
Dyads Multi-comonent support program, include goal-oriented peer support group meetings, dementia education, 86%
Orsulic-Jeras [60], 2016 Dyads Social and psychological intervention, Dyadic counseling-based, include support activities, and education. 82%
Burgio [49], 2003 Dyads Psychosocial intervention, include skills training program 69%
Vickrey [67], 2006 Dyads Care management intervention, include problem-solving skills, and provide supports based on their need. 43%
Woods [65], 2016 Dyads RYCT program intervention, multi-component intervention. 36%
Joling [67], 2013 Dyads Multi-component family meetings intervention, include psycho-education, problem solving techniques, emotional and instrumental support 31.9%
Completion rate Winter [63], 2006 Caregivers Social intervention, providing emotional support, coping strategies. 91.3%
Mahoney [36], 2001 Caregivers Social intervention, include Monitoring and counseling, support, and Activity/caregiver respite conversation. 97%
Xiao [37], 2015 Caregivers Social intervention, Based on caregivers’ need, provide face-to-face coaching and support 84.7%
Hebert [57], 1994 Caregivers Social intervention, include dementia education, behaviour or emotional Problem-solving, ect. 80%
Mohide [65], 1990 Caregivers Social intervention, help the caregivers enhance caregiving competence and achieve a sense of control in their roles as caregivers 70%
Eloniemi-Sulkava [54], 2009 Dyads Multi-component support program, include goal-oriented peer support group meetings, dementia education, 100%
Martin-Carrasco [40], 2009 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include behavioural problems handing strategies, tension and stress control, dementia education. 90.4%
Wilz [48], 2016 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 79.5%
Callan [70], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, provide information about dementia, social support, coping skills training, affective self-management, and healthy sleep practices. 74%
McCurry [61], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include Problem-solving skills, Effective communication skills, negative thinking management, Coping strategies, education. 64%
Pot [38], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include Psycho-education, Problem-solving, Behavioral activation, Time-management, Cognitive restructuring. 45.6%
Liddle [69], 2012 Dyads Cognitive intervention, include memory and communication training support. 76%
Rotrou [50], 2011 Dyads Cognitive intervention, Include education, problem-solving techniques, emotion-centred coping strategies, behavior management, communication skills, crisis management, practical advice 69.7%
Leung [62], 2017 Dyads Cognitive intervention, individual cognitive stimulation therapy. 61%
Castro [59], 2002 Caregivers Physical intervention, exercise program 74%
Pitkala [45], 2011 Dyads Physical intervention, tailored home-based exercise 92%
Dahlrup, B [68], 2014 Caregivers Social and psychological intervention, include dementia education, support group. 85%
Tremont [17], 2015 Caregivers Psychosocial intervention, include dementia education, emotional support etc. 85%
Barbabella [35], 2018 Caregivers Web-based psychosocial intervention, Psychological and social support, Coping and reconciliation strategies, education, contact service. 79.7%
Coon [58], 2003 Caregivers Psycho-educational skill training interventions, include Anger and depression management class 77%
Livingston [47], 2014 Caregivers Psychological intervention, START manual-based, individual coping intervention 75%
Belle [52], 2006 Caregivers Multi-component intervention, include problem solving, skills training, stress management techniques, and telephone support groups, et al. 75%
Chee [46], 2007 Caregivers Skill-Building Intervention, include education, problem solving, communication, environmental and task simplification techniques, etc. 74%
Mittelman [55], 2007 Dyads Individual and family counseling, Provide counseling depended on the needs of each spouse caregiver and family 97.5%
Laakkonen [44], 2013 Dyads Self-management group intervention 93%
Kwok [53], 2012 Dyads Case management, include home visits, telephone supports, et al. 90%
Burgio [49], 2003 Dyads Psychosocial intervention, include skills training program 84.3%
Vickrey [66], 2006 Dyads Care management intervention, include problem-solving skills, and provide supports based on their need. 82%
Jansen [56], 2011 Dyads Case management, include 2 home visits, personal care plan, family-meeting, etc. 81.8%
Søgaard [51], 2014 Dyads Multi-component intervention, include disease education, communication skills, et al. 80%
Prick [24], 2014 Dyads Multi-component psychosocial intervention, exercise and support 77.2%
Joling [67], 2013 Dyads Multi-component family meetings intervention, include psycho-education, problem solving techniques, emotional and instrumental support 77%
Roberts [34], 2009 Dyads Social and psychological intervention, include individual and family consultations, support group, weekly four-session education 74%
Whitlatch [25], 2006 Dyads Multi-component EDDI dyadic program, include emotional support, communication skills, Dementia education 65%
Orsulic-Jeras [60], 2016 Dyads Social and psychological intervention, Dyadic counseling-based, include support activities, and education. 65%
Woods [64], 2016 Dyads Multi-component intervention, RYCT program. 57%
Satisfaction with the interventions Pot [38], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include Psycho-education, Problem-solving, Behavioral activation, Time-management, Cognitive restructuring. The average satisfaction of caregivers was 4.16(5 = highest satisfaction
Beauchamp [39], 2005 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include knowledge, cognitive, and behavioral skills training. The average satisfaction of caregivers was 5.1(7 = highest satisfaction
McCurry [61], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include Problem-solving skills, Effective communication skills, negative thinking management, Coping strategies, education. 92% were satisfied with the intervention
Martin-Carrasco [40], 2009 Caregivers Cognitive intervention, include behavioural problems handing strategies, tension and stress control, dementia education. The caregivers that program was ‘useful’ or ‘very useful’ once the PIP had finished (97.7%), and 6 months later (93.2%)
Gaugler [71], 2015 Caregivers Cognitive intervention,
Psycho-education program
More than 90% of family caregivers strongly agreed or agreed that CARES for Families was clear, easy to understand, and improved confidence in dementia care
Wilz [48],
2016
Caregivers Cognitive intervention, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Caregivers from the CBT group evaluated the telephone setting as very good (71.9%) and 27% as good.
Xiao [37], 2015 Caregivers Social intervention, Based on caregivers’ need, provide face-to-face coaching and support 95.9% were satisfied with the intervention
Czaja [42], 2013 Caregivers Multi-component psychosocial intervention, include problem-solving strategies, stress management, communication strategies, healthy behavior strategies 73% indicated that they benefitted a great deal from participating in the project
Zarit [43], 2013 Caregivers Social and psychological intervention,
Advanced Caregiver Education and Support Program
94% caregivers were satisfied with the intervention
Tremont [17], 2015 Caregivers Psychosocial intervention, include dementia education, emotional support etc. The average satisfaction of caregivers was 3.84(4 = highest satisfaction)
Liddle [69], 2012 Dyads Cognitive intervention, include memory and communication training support. Caregivers said the training was perceived to be very useful (85%, n=11) or fairly useful (15%, n=2)
Puranen [41], 2014 Dyads Nutritional intervention, include tailored nutritional advice, home visit etc. 93% estimated that the intervention were useful for them
Jansen [56], 2011 Dyads Case management, include 2 home visits, personal care plan, family-meeting, etc. Overall, caregivers were satisfied with the quality of the intervention
Whitlatch [25], 2006 Dyads Multi-component EDDI dyadic program, include emotional support, communication skills, Dementia education Caregiver ratings of treatment satisfaction across the nine sessions ranged from 6.01 to 6.45 (7 = highest satisfaction)
Orsulic-Jeras [60], 2016 Dyads Social and psychological intervention, Dyadic counseling-based, include support activities, and education. The average satisfaction of dyads was 3.46 (5 = highest satisfaction)