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Table 1 Sociodemographic and trauma characteristics

From: Long-term psychological distress of Bosnian war survivors: an 11-year follow-up of former displaced persons, returnees, and stayers

Characteristic Total sample (N = 98)
Baseline Follow-up
Female, % (n) 62.2 (61) 62.2 (61)
Mean age (SD) 36.5 (12.1) 47.5 (12.2)
Education, % (n)
 Primary 20.4 (20) 15.3 (15)
 Secondary 65.3 (64) 60.2 (59)
 Tertiary 12.2 (12) 23.5 (23)
Marital status, % (n)
 Married/long-term relationship 68.4 (67) 66.3 (65)
 Single/divorced/separated/widowed 31.6 (31) 33.7 (33)
Employment status, % (n)
 Employed 26.5 (26) 51.0 (50)
 Unemployed 35.7 (35) 15.3 (15)
 Retired 8.2 (8) 16.3 (16)
 In training/education 10.2 (10) 1.0 (1)
 Other 19.3 (19) 14.2 (14)
Monthly income, % (n)
 No income 16.2 (16) 23.5 (23)
  < 500 KM 36.7 (36) 22.4 (22)
 500–1000 KM 6.1 (6) 32.7 (32)
  > 1000 KM 4.0 (4) 18.4 (18)
Mental health care use, % (n)a 0.0 (0) 12.2 (12)
Number of traumatic events, mean (SD)
 Prewar traumatic events 1.01 (1.93) 0.34 (0.78)
 Traumatic events during the war 19.54 (11.58)b 2.38 (2.20)c
 Postwar traumatic events 0.48 (0.96)
Number of current stressors, mean (SD) 2.48 (2.47)d 2.26 (1.82)e
  1. Note: (−) not calculated, KM = “convertible Marks”. a Includes work with psychiatrists, psychologists, or social workers in the previous three months. b Traumatic events assessed with the CWE (Rosner et al. [18]; range: 0–98). c Adapted trauma list of the PDS (Foa et al. [25]; range: 0–13). d 23-item stressor list based on the CWE (range: 0–23). N = 65 as the checklist was not completed by stayers. e 12-item stressor list based on the CWE (range: 0–12)