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Table 2 War-related characteristics and types of current stressors

From: Long-term psychological distress of Bosnian war survivors: an 11-year follow-up of former displaced persons, returnees, and stayers

  Stayers (n = 33) Displaced (n = 27) Returnee (n = 38)
Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up
Number of years in war zone, mean (SD)   2.93 (1.88)   1.99 (1.73)  
Number of years in displacement setting, mean (SD)   0.95 (1.87)   4.21 (1.59)  
Loss of possessions, % (n) 39.3 (13)   81.40 (22)   68.4 (26)  
Damage to home, % (n) 54.5 (18)   48.10 (13)   78.9 (30)  
Repatriation-related variables, mean (SD)a
 Material satisfaction   −0.01 (1.05)   −0.19 (1.12)  
 Identification with home country   0.11 (0.57)   0.86 (0.59)  
 Community feeling   0.51 (1.01)   −0.67 (1.19)  
Type of current stressor, % (n)bc
 Bad living conditions 27.2 (9) 59.2 (16) 18.5 (5) 52.6 (20) 21.1 (8)
 Worries about stay in accommodation 9.1 (3) 74.1 (20) 11.1 (3) 28.9 (11) 13.1 (5)
 Lack of identity papers 12.1 (4) 14.8 (4) 7.4 (2) 7.8 (3) 10.5 (4)
 Unemployment 15.1 (5) 25.9 (7) 40.7 (11) 36.8 (14) 13.1 (5)
 Bad job conditions 18.2 (6) 14.8 (4) 14.8 (4) 13.1 (5) 10.5 (4)
 Little help with welfare 18.2 (6) 7.4 (2) 18.5 (5) 10.5 (4) 18.4 (7)
 Debts 12.1 (4) 48.1 (13) 11.1 (3) 47.3 (18) 15.7 (6)
 Serious health problems 48.4 (16) 44.4 (12) 55.5 (15) 39.4 (18) 36.8 (14)
 Poor access to medical care 24.2 (8) 22.2 (6) 37.1 (10) 15.7 (6) 10.5 (4)
 Family problems 9.1 (3) 11.1 (3) 11.1 (3) 5.2 (2) 10.5 (4)
 Loved ones missingd 12.1 (4) 48.1 (13) 70.3 (19) 21.1 (8) 28.9 (11)
 Separation from loved onesd 29.6 (8) 47.3 (18)
  1. Note: (−) not calculated. a Measured using the QII [16], scores range from −1 (“I do not agree”) to 1 (“I agree”). b Assessed with the stressor list of the CWE [18]. c N = 65 at baseline; the stressor list was not completed by stayers at baseline. d Compound score