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Table 3 Total, Direct, Total Indirect and Specific Indirect Effects

From: Associations between childhood maltreatment and adult depression: a mediation analysis

Effects from Total (95% CI) Direct (95% CI) Total indirect (95% CI)
 CM to MD .33*** (.255, .395) .00 (-.060, .064) .32*** (.264, .383)
Mediating variable (M) Effect of CM on M (95% CI) Effect of M on MD (95% CI) Specific Indirect Effect (95% CI)
 PTSD .31*** (.238; .372) .34*** (.268; .419) .11*** (.072, .137)
 NOA .21*** (.138; .274) -.11* (-.198; -.015) -.02* (-.042, -.002)
 GOA .27*** (.204; .332) .11* (.012; .209) .03* (.002, .057)
 IMP .27*** (.199; .339) -.10* (-.196; -.009) -.03* (-.054, -.001)
 AWA .15*** (.082; .220) .04 (-.041; .115) .01 (-.006, .018)
 STR .24*** (.174; .307) .36*** (.202; .519) .09*** (.042, .132)
 CLA .24*** (.171; .302) .18*** (.080; .274) .04** (.017, .067)
 RUM .22*** (.146; .291) -.03 (-.136; .076) -.01 (-.030, .017)
 DA .29*** (226; .355) .14** (.041; .245) .04** (.011, .072)
 AVO .33*** (.270; .390) .03 (-.018; .085) .01 (-.006, .028)
 ANX .13*** (.066; .200) .03 (-.035; .086) .00 (-.005, .012)
  Effect of M on PTSD (95% CI) Specific Indirect Effect (95% CI)
 NOA (via PTSD) .00 (-.113;.115) .00 (-.008, .008)
 GOA (via PTSD) .07 (-.052; .194) .01 (-.005, .018)
 IMP via PTSD .11 (-.010; .219) .01 (-.002, .021)
 AWA via PTSD -.05 (-.140; .049) .00 (-.007, .003)
 STR via PTSD .08 (-.106; .271) .01 (-.009, .022)
 CLA via PTSD .09 (-.021; .209) .01 (-.002, .017)
 RUM via PTSD .18** (.045; .323) .01* (.002, .025)
 DA via PTSD .08 (-.059; .210) .01 (-.006, .021)
 AVO via PTSD .02 (-.041; .084) .00 (-.005, .010)
 ANX via PTSD .06 (-.015; .126) .00 (-.001, .006)
  1. Note. As many lower bounds of reported confidence intervals are close to zero, three digits after the decimal point are reported to avoid confusion.
  2. CI confidence interval, CM Childhood Maltreatment, MD Symptoms of Major Depression, PTSD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, NOA Nonacceptance of emotional responses, GOA Difficulties engaging in goal-directed behavior, IMP Impulse control difficulties, AWA Lack of emotional awareness, STR Limited access to emotion regulation strategies, CLA Lack of emotional clarity, RUM Rumination, DA Depressogenic Attributions, AVO Avoidance, ANX
  3. *** p<.001; ** p<.01; * p<.05