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Table 3 Rates of tobacco use, alcohol consumption (AUDIT-C), recent cannabis use, symptoms of depression (PHQ-2), and anxiety (GAD-2), by smoking status

From: Comorbid tobacco and other substance use and symptoms of anxiety and depression among hospitalised orthopaedic trauma patients

Characteristic Smokersa
(n = 175)
n (%)
Non-smokersa
(n = 628)
n (%)
p-value
Smoking status Daily smoker 157 (89.7%)  
  Occasional Smoker 18 (10.3%)  
  Ex-smoker 235 (37.4%)  
  Non-smoker 393 (62.6%)  
  Missing 0 0  
Alcohol consumption Non-drinker 26 (15.3%) 159 (26.1%) < 0.001
  Non- hazardous drinker 25 (14.7%) 165 (27.1%)  
  Hazardous drinker 119 (70.0%) 286 (46.9%)  
  Missing 5 18  
Cannabis use in last 30 days No 122 (70.1%) 597 (96.0%) < 0.001
  Yes 52 (29.9%) 25 (4.0%)  
  Missing 1 6  
Mix tobacco with cannabis? No 119 (68.4%) 596 (96%) < 0.001
  Yes, every time I smoke 40 (23.0%) 9 (1.5%)  
  Yes, sometimes 15 (8.6%) 16 (2.6%)  
  Missing 1 7  
Depression Below threshold for depression marker 141 (81.0%) 550 (88.7%) 0.008
  Above threshold for depression marker 33 (19.0%) 70 (11.3%)  
  Missing 1 8  
Anxiety Below threshold for anxiety marker 140 (80.9%) 554 (89.4%) 0.003
  Above threshold for anxiety marker 33 (19.1%) 66 (10.7%)  
  Missing 2 8  
Either depression or anxiety Below threshold 125 (72.3%) 516 (83.2%) 0.001
  Above threshold 48 (27.6%) 104 (16.8%)  
  Missing 2 8  
Both depression and anxiety Below threshold 155 (89.6%) 588 (94.8%) 0.013
  Above threshold 18 (10.4%) 32 (5.2%)  
  Missing 2 8  
  1. aSome respondents may have dropped out during survey completion due to fatigue