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Table 3 Primary outcomes at baseline and follow-ups for Physical First Aid and Youth Mental Health First Aid groups

From: Does Mental Health First Aid training improve the mental health of aid recipients? The training for parents of teenagers randomised controlled trial

     Change over time between YMHFA and PFA
  Baseline 1 year follow-up 2 year follow-up Baseline to 1-year follow-up Baseline to 2-year follow-up
  PFA YMHFA PFA YMHFA PFA YMHFA
  n/N % n/N % n/N % n/N % n/N % n/N % OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Adolescent with mental health problem – parent reporteda 19/151 12.6 31/168 18.5 8/96 8.33 15/109 13.8 10/80 12.5 14/98 14.3 2.03 (0.23 to 17.54) 0.44 (0.05 to 4.14)
Adolescent with mental health problem – adolescent reportedb 11/142 7.75 20/159 12.6 6/86 6.98 12/100 12.0 5/69 7.25 5/81 6.17 0.80 (0.12 to 5.33) 0.24 (0.02 to 2.26)
Mother supported adolescent very wellc 14/26 53.9 17/30 56.7 6/10 60.0 8/22 36.4 2/11 18.2 8/20 40.0 0.21 (0.01 to 6.07) 6.55 (0.12 to 343.44)
Father supported adolescent very wellc 7/23 30.4 7/29 24.1 3/8 37.5 2/21 9.52 2/10 20.0 5/19 26.3 0.34 (0.01 to 9.71) 3.65 (0.12 to 111.62)
  PFA (n = 38) MHFA (n = 54) PFA (n = 24) MHFA (n = 28) PFA (n = 18) MHFA (n = 34) Baseline to 1-year follow-up Baseline to 2-year follow-up
  M SD M SD M SD M SD M SD M SD Mdiff (95% CI), d (95% CI) Mdiff (95% CI), d (95%CI)
Quality of parental support towards adolescents with mental health problem 2.55 1.18 2.41 1.19 2.29 1.08 2.46 1.00 2.61 1.09 2.82 1.45 0.37 (− 0.42 to 1.15), 0.17 (− 0.38 to 0.71) 0.37 (− 0.44 to 1.18). 0.16 (− 0.41 to 0.73)
  1. a Identified by total difficulties scores in the abnormal range of 17 or greater on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Parent Report
  2. b Identified by total difficulties scores in the abnormal range of 20 or greater on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Child Report
  3. c Versus “Fairly well”, “Not well”, or “Unsure” combined (reference category)
  4. M = mean, SD = standard deviation