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Table 4 Secondary outcomes at baseline and follow-ups for Physical First Aid and Youth Mental Health First Aid groups

From: Does Mental Health First Aid training improve the mental health of aid recipients? The training for parents of teenagers randomised controlled trial

  Baseline 1 year follow-up 2 year follow-up Change over time between MHFA and PFA
  PFA MHFA PFA MHFA PFA MHFA Baseline to 1-year follow-up Baseline to 2-year follow-up
Variable n M SD n M SD n M SD n M SD n M SD n M SD Mdiff (95% CI), d# (95% CI) Mdiff (95% CI), d# (95% CI)
MHFA knowledge 152 9.77 2.76 170 10.28 2.71 97 10.01 2.75 111 11.90 2.44 80 10.31 2.52 98 11.82 2.36 1.25 (0.62 to 1.87)***, 0.43 (0.15 to 0.70) 0.84 (0.17 to 1.51)*, 0.26 (−0.03 to 0.56)
Problem recognition 152 0.63 0.35 170 0.66 0.31 96 0.66 0.35 111 0.75 0.30 80 0.67 0.33 98 0.77 0.28 0.05 (−0.03 to 0.12), 0.11 (− 0.16 to 0.39) 0.03 (− 0.04 to 0.11), 0.12 (− 0.18 to 0.41)
Quality of MHFA intentions 152 2.24 0.62 170 2.34 0.73 96 2.20 0.77 111 2.57 0.83 80 2.34 0.81 98 2.66 0.90 0.23 (− 0.01 to 0.47)*, 0.22 (− 0.05 to 0.50) 0.20 (− 0.05 to 0.45), 0.15 (− 0.14 to 0.45)
Confidence 151 2.25 0.68 169 2.36 0.61 96 2.10 0.70 110 2.05 0.56 80 2.18 0.69 98 2.17 0.59 −0.17 (− 0.34 to -0.00)*, 0.26 (− 0.01 to 0.53) −0.10 (− 0.28 to 0.07), 0.23 (− 0.06 to 0.53)
Quality of MHFA support towards other person 86 2.23 1.16 113 2.29 1.14 46 2.35 1.08 70 2.40 1.01 45 2.16 1.30 67 2.30 1.15 −0.02 (−0.52 to 0.48), − 0.08 (− 0.52 to 0.36) 0.06 (− 0.44 to 0.56), -0.02 (− 0.46 to 0.42)
Social distance (parent) 145 2.16 0.66 160 2.08 0.63 91 2.04 0.64 107 1.88 0.61 78 1.87 0.68 96 1.86 0.48 −0.11 (−0.26 to 0.04), 0.18 (− 0.11 to 0.46) 0.08 (− 0.08 to 0.24), −0.12 (− 0.43 to 0.19)
Dangerous/ unpredictable stigma (parent) 147 2.48 0.52 164 2.44 0.56 93 2.46 0.54 110 2.37 0.56 78 2.40 0.50 95 2.29 0.52 −0.04 (−0.20 to 0.12), 0.15 (− 0.12 to 0.43) −0.06 (− 0.23 to 0.11), 0.22 (− 0.08 to 0.52)
Social distance (adolescent) 140 2.23 0.61 157 2.20 0.66 85 2.12 0.60 99 2.17 0.63 69 2.13 0.62 81 2.15 0.60 0.09 (−0.07 to 0.25), -0.08 (− 0.37 to 0.21) −0.02 (− 0.19 to 0.15), 0.03 (− 0.35 to 0.29)
Weak not sick stigma (adolescent) 142 2.33 0.65 157 2.29 0.75 85 2.04 0.65 100 1.93 0.75 68 1.86 0.64 81 1.75 0.69 0.01 (−0.18 to 0.19), -0.07 (− 0.36 to 0.22) 0.04 (− 0.16 to 0.24), -0.18 (− 0.51 to 0.14)
Dangerous/ unpredictable stigma (adolescent) 133 2.63 0.67 148 2.56 0.67 80 2.44 0.72 96 2.54 0.59 67 2.46 0.58 80 2.50 0.54 0.19 (0.01 to 0.38)*, -0.36 (−0.67 to 0.05) 0.06 (− 0.14 to 0.26), -0.04 (− 0.37 to 0.30)
Perceived general social support from parent 142 16.26 3.11 159 15.74 3.50 86 16.03 3.20 100 15.22 3.48 69 15.58 3.43 81 15.94 3.12 −0.25 (−1.12 to 0.62), − 0.08 (− 0.37 to 0.20) 0.54 (− 0.40 to 1.49), 0.15 (− 0.17 to 0.48)
Adolescent intended help-seeking from parent 140 2.95 1.21 158 2.84 1.29 86 2.95 1.21 100 2.87 1.29 68 2.78 1.43 80 2.64 1.39 0.04 (−0.35 to 0.43), 0.06 (− 0.23 to 0.35) −0.11 (− 0.54 to 0.32), − 0.15 (− 0.48 to 0.18)
  n %   n %   n %   n %   n %   n %   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Weak not sick stigma (parent) – median or below                    0.94 (0.34 to 2.60) 0.59 (0.19 to 1.80)
K6 above cut-off (parent) 28 18.5   37 21.9   14 14.6   17 15.6   10 12.5   19 19.4   0.81 (0.20 to 3.28) 1.68 (0.38 to 7.48)
K6 above cut-off (adolescent) 33 23.4   42 26.6   15 17.4   36 36.0   22 32.8   26 32.1   4.00 (1.09 to 14.71)* 0.62 (0.16 to 2.34)
Parent sought appropriate help for own mental health problem 36 81.8   49 69.0   16 72.7   23 69.7   10 58.8   28 66.7   42.0 (0.38 to 4622.42) 189.52 (0.61 to 58,672.80)
Adolescent sought help from parent for mental health problem 22 75.9   24 77.4   6 60.0   11 50.0   6 54.6   14 66.7   0.56 (0.01 to 26.25) 0.49 (0.01 to 28.48)
Adolescent sought help from health professional for mental health problem 19 65.5   23 74.2   8 80.0   12 54.6   4 36.4   16 76.2   0.21 (0.02 to 1.83) 4.52 (0.57 to 35.75)
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001
  2. # Positive Cohen’s d favours MHFA and negative d favours PFA
  3. M = mean, SD = standard deviation