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Table 7 Prediction of death from somatic disorders by substance use and comorbid psychiatric disordersa

From: Prediction of psychiatric comorbidity on premature death in a cohort of patients with substance use disorders: a 42-year follow-up

  Wald p HR 95% CI for HR
  Lower Upper
Gender 3.476 0.05 1.34 0.99 1.83
Age at first admission 0.802 > 0.05 0.99 1.00 1.01
Cannabis 1.826 > 0.05 0.73 0.41 1.15
Opiates 0.030 > 0.05 0.97 0.72 1.32
Central stimulants 0.375 > 0.05 0.91 0.67 1.23
Sedatives/hypnotics/Barbiturates 0.156 > 0.05 0.69 0.68 1.80
Alcohol mixed with other subst. 6.505 0.01 1.71 1.13 2.57
No psychiatric disorder (No MI) 1.497 > 0.05 0.82 0.60 1.13
Substance induced psychosis (SIP) 0.240 > 0.05 1.15 0.65 2.03
Severe Mental Disorder (SMI) 3.147 > 0.05 1.53 0.96 2.43
Other mental disorders (OMD) 0.015 > 0.05 0.98 0.63 1.51
  1. No MI; no mental illness/ psychiatric disorder added to substance abuse. SIP; substance induced psychosis. SMI; severe mental illness with psychosis. OMD; other mental disorder without psychotic symptoms
  2. aEach predictor was analyzed with separate simple regressions and was contrasted with all other predictors