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Table 1 Overview of data to be collected for the evaluation of a self-help app for traumatized Syrian refugees

From: HELP@APP: development and evaluation of a self-help app for traumatized Syrian refugees in Germany – a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

Construct (Assessment) Screening Baseline (T0) Follow–up (T1 / T2) Arabic translation necessary
 Age x    yes
 Sex x    yes
 Education x    yes
 Marital status x    yes
 Living situation x    yes
 Residence status x    yes
 Occupational status x    yes
 Monthly income x    yes
Escape-related information
 Home country x    yes
 Date of escapes’ beginning x    yes
 Duration of stay in Germany x    yes
 Means of escape x    yes
 Strength of bonding to homeland / current residence x    yes
 Future plans x    yes
 Satisfaction with current situation x    yes
Additional inclusion criteria
 Smartphone availability, no current psychiatric treatment and/or no psychopharmaceutic medication, no pregnancy x    yes
 Suicidal tendencies (DSI-SS) x x x yes
Primary Outcome
 Post-traumatic stress disorder (PDS – 5) x x x yes
Secondary Outcomes
 Depression (PHQ-9) x x x no
 Anxiety (GAD-7)   x x no
 Somatization (PHQ-15)   x x no
 Quality of life (EQ-5D-5 L)   x x no
 General self-efficacy (GSE)   x x yes
 Self-stigmatization (SSMIS-SF)   x x yes
 Ambiguous loss and prolonged grief   x x yes
 Social network (LSNS)   x x yes
 Social support (ESSI)   x x yes
 Post-traumatic growth (PGI)   x x yes
 Resilience (RS-13) x    yes
 Religious beliefs (Z-7)   x x yes
 Healthcare resource use   x only T2 yes
 App usability (SUS)a   x only T1 yes
 User acceptance (TAM 3)a   x only T1 yes
  1. Note: ato be assessed only in the intervention group
  2. DSI-SS Depressive Symptomatology Index – Suicidality Scale [47], PDS-5 Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale for DSM-5 [30], PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire [31], GAD General Anxiety Disorder [48], EQ-5D-5L Euroqol Five Dimensions Questionnaire [49], GSE General Self-efficacy [50], SSMIS-SF Self-stigma of Mental Illness Scale – Short Form [51], LSNS Lubben Social Network Scale [52], ESSI Enriched Social Support Inventory [53], PGI Posttraumatic Growth Inventory [54], RS-13 Resilience Scale [55], Z-7 Zentralitätsskala [56], SUS System Usability Scale [36], TAM-3 Technology Acceptance Model [37]
  3. Ambiguous loss and prolonged grief - questions have been adapted from the German version of the Complicated Grief Inventory (ICG-D; [57]); Healthcare resource use – questionnaire was adapted from previous investigations and is available from the authors upon request [58]