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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic characteristics & substance use by sex

From: Khat use and psychotic symptoms in a rural Khat growing population in Kenya: a household survey

Parameter Total Sex, % P-value
Male Female
Age group in years (N = 829) (N = 395) (N = 434)  
 10–17 33.8 31.6 35.7 < 0.001
 18–35 28.3 22.0 34.1
 36–50 23.6 26.3 21.2
 > 50 14.2 20.0 9.0
Education (Adults only) (N = 549) (N = 271) (N = 278)  
 Up to primary 84.7 80.8 88.5 0.017
 Secondary 12.2 16.2 8.3
 Tertiary 3.1 3.0 3.2
Occupation (Adults only) (N = 540) (N = 265) (N = 275)  
 Formal & Self employed 13.7 17.7 9.8 0.024
 Farmer 79.4 75.1 83.6
 Casual, domestic & other 6.9 7.2 6.5
Income (Adults only) (N = 460) (N = 256) (N = 204)  
 < 5000 35.0 23.0 50.0 < 0.001
 5000- < 50000 59.8 69.1 48.0
 50000 & over 5.2 7.8 2.0
Khat use (N = 831) (N = 396) (N = 435)  
 Chewers 36.8 54.8 20.5 < 0.001
 Non chewers 63.2 45.2 79.5
Tobacco use (Daily or almost daily) (N = 829) (N = 395) (N = 434)  
 Yes 13.4 26.3 1.6 < 0.001
 No 86.6 73,7 98.4
Alcohol use (Daily or almost daily) (N = 829) (N = 395) (N = 434)  
 Yes 3.7 6.3 1.4 < 0.001
 No 96.3 93.7 98.6