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Table 4 Distribution of socio-demographic characteristics by psychotic symptoms

From: Khat use and psychotic symptoms in a rural Khat growing population in Kenya: a household survey

Parameter N Mania/ Hypomania Thought control Paranoia Strange experiences Hallucinations Any symptom
% % % % % %
Sex
 Male 396 2.5 3.8 7.3 3.0 4.3 13.6
 Female 435 3.2 4.4 11.5 5.5 7.1 19.5
P-value   0.551 0.673 0.041 0.079 0.080 0.023
Age group
 10–17 280 2.5 1.8 3.2 1.4 2.5 10.4
 18–35 235 5.1 7.2 15.7 6.8 9.8 26.0
 36–50 196 1.5 4.1 8.2 4.6 4.6 13.8
 > 50 118 1.7 3.4 14.4 5.9 7.6 18.6
P-value   0.105 0.020 < 0.001 0.019 0.003 < 0.001
Education (Adults only)
 Up to primary 465 3.4 5.6 13.8 6.0 7.5 21.1
 Secondary 67 1.5 4.5 9.0 6.0 7.5 16.4
 Tertiary 17 0 0 0 0 5.9 5.9
P-value   nv nv 0.151 nv 0.968 0.225
Occupation (adults only)
 Formal & Self employed 74 2.7 2.7 6.8 4.1 8.1 14.9
 Farmer 429 3.3 5.4 13.8 6.3 7.2 20.5
 Casual, domestic & other 37 2.7 10.8 13.5 5.4 8.1 34.3
P-value   nv nv 0.248 nv 0.951 0.423
Income (Monthly income for adults only)
 < 5000 161 5.0 6.2 17.4 5.6 6.2 22.4
 5000- < 50000 275 2.9 5.5 10.5 6.9 8.0 20.4
 50000 & over 24 0 4.2 8.3 4.2 0 8.3
P-value   0.334 0.899 0.095 0.781 0.302 0.282
  1. nv Chi-square not valid, * = Fisher’s Exact Probability