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Table 2 Mean Changes in Outcome Measure Scores Using Mixed-Effects Linear Regression

From: An evaluation of large group cognitive behaviour therapy with mindfulness (CBTm) classes

Outcome Measure Phase of Therapy Mean Changed (95% CI)
GAD-7 Intake Assessmenta − 0.98** (− 1.58 to − 0.38)
CBTm Classesb −0.52** (− 0.74 to − 0.30)
Treatment Gapc 0.79 (− 0.13 to 1.71)
PHQ-9 Intake Assessment −0.82* (− 1.51 to − 0.13)
CBTm Classesb − 0.65** (− 0.89 to − 0.40)
Treatment Gap§ 1.40* (0.43 to 2.36)
  1. aTime between intake assessment (baseline) and CBTm Class 1. bEffect of CBTm classes alone. Controlled for time between baseline and CBTm class 1 and treatment gap between CBTm class 4 and first small group CBT session (follow-up). cReflects time between CBTm class 4 and follow-up. dFor CBTm classes, reflects mean change per CBTm class attended
  2. CBTm Cognitive Behaviour Therapy with Mindfulness, GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item scale
  3. **P ≤ 0.001. *P ≤ 0.05