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Table 5 Univariate analysis results of parental pMDD in the AIS group

From: Mental health of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and their parents in China: a cross-sectional survey

Variables PHQ-9 score p
< 10(n = 55) ≥10(n = 9)  
Age of patients (years old) 14.3 ± 2.1 14.8 ± 2.6 0.511
Course of disease (months) 18.5 ± 20.5 24.2 ± 27.8 0.464
Frontal Balance (mm) 11.0 ± 10.3 13.0 ± 8.8 0.575
Major Curve < 50° 37 (94.9%) 2 (5.1%) 0.022*
 ≥50° 18 (72.0%) 7 (28.0%)  
Sex of patients Male 3 (60.0%) 2 (40.0%) 0.141*
 Female 52 (88.1%) 7 (11.9%)  
Planed surgery Yes 29 (82.9%) 6 (17.1%) 0.494*
 No 26 (89.7%) 3 (10.3%)  
MDD of patients No 53 (89.8%) 6 (10.2%) 0.017*
 Yes 2 (40.0%) 3 (60.0%)  
GAD of patients No 54 (87.1%) 8 (12.9%) 0.263*
 Yes 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%)  
Shoulder height Equal 14 (87.5%) 2 (12.5%) 1.000*
 Unequal 41 (85.4%) 7 (14.6%)  
Brace treatment Yes 15 (78.9%) 4 (21.1%) 0.432*
 No 40 (88.9%) 5 (11.1%)  
Age of parents 42.7 ± 4.3 41.0 ± 3.8 0.270
Parenthood Father 16 (94.1%) 1 (5.9%) 0.424*
 Mother 39 (83.0%) 8 (17.0%)  
Education of parents Primary/Junior school 14 (70.0%) 6 (30.0%) 0.022*
 Senior school/University 41 (93.2%) 3 (6.8%)  
Job of parents Yes 37 (88.1%) 5 (11.9%) 0.480*
 No 18 (81.8%) 4 (18.2%)  
Health Insurance Yes 44 (86.3%) 7 (13.7%) 1.000*
 No 11 (84.6%) 2 (15.4%)  
Residence City 48 (87.3%) 7 (12.7%) 0.602*
 Countryside 7 (77.8%) 2 (22.2%)  
Parental Marriage Married 49 (84.5%) 9 (15.5%) 0.582*
 Divorced/widowed 6 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
Live with parents Yes 53 (86.9%) 8 (13.1%) 0.370*
 No 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%)  
Income < 8000 rmb/month 32 (78.0%) 9 (22.0%) 0.021*
 ≥8000 rmb/month 23 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
  1. * Fisher exact test