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Table 7 Univariate analysis results of parental pGAD in the AIS group

From: Mental health of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and their parents in China: a cross-sectional survey

Variables GAD-7 score p
< 10(n = 55) ≥10(n = 9)  
Age of patients (years old) 14.2 ± 2.1 15.0 ± 2.5 0.325
Course of disease (months) 18.5 ± 20.5 24.6 ± 27.5 0.434
Frontal Balance (mm) 11.2 ± 10.3 11.7 ± 8.8 0.891
Major Curve < 50° 36 (92.3%) 3 (7.7%) 0.137*
 ≥50° 19 (76.0%) 6 (24.0%)  
Sex of patients Male 3 (60.0%) 2 (40.0%) 0.141*
 Female 52 (88.1%) 7 (11.9%)  
Planed surgery Yes 29 (82.9%) 6 (17.1%) 0.494*
 No 26 (89.7%) 3 (10.3%)  
MDD of patients No 52 (88.1%) 7 (11.9%) 0.141*
 Yes 3 (60.0%) 2 (40.0%)  
GAD of patients No 53 (85.5%) 9 (14.5%) 1.000*
 Yes 2 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
Shoulder height Equal 15 (93.8%) 1 (6.2%) 0.430*
 Unequal 40 (83.3%) 8 (16.7%)  
Brace treatment Yes 16 (84.2%) 3 (15.8%) 1.000*
 No 39 (86.7%) 6 (13.3%)  
Age of parents 42.3 ± 3.9 43.8 ± 6.4 0.326
Parenthood Father 16 (94.1%) 1 (5.9%) 0.424*
 Mother 39 (83.0%) 8 (17.0%)  
Education of parents Primary/Junior school 15 (75.0%) 5 (25.0%) 0.124*
 Senior school/University 40 (90.9%) 4 (9.1%)  
Job of parents Yes 38 (90.5%) 4 (9.5%) 0.254*
 No 17 (77.3%) 5 (22.7%)  
Health Insurance Yes 44 (86.3%) 7 (13.7%) 1.000*
 No 11 (84.6%) 2 (15.4%)  
Residence City 48 (87.3%) 7 (12.7%) 0.602*
 Countryside 7 (77.8%) 2 (22.2%)  
Parental Marriage Married 50 (86.2%) 8 (13.8%) 1.000*
 Divorced/widowed 5 (83.3%) 1 (16.7%)  
Live with parents Yes 53 (86.9%) 8 (13.1%) 0.370*
 No 2 (100.0%) 1 (0.0%)  
Income < 8000 rmb/month 32 (78.0%) 9 (22.0%) 0.021*
 ≥8000 rmb/month 23 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
  1. * Fisher exact test