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Table 3 Study characteristics: Interventions used with worker employed in research

From: Internet-based interventions to support recovery and self-management: A scoping review of their use by mental health service users and providers together

Study Design/MMAT Rating Setting/Country/Year Intervention Service users/ diagnosis Workers/ profession
Baumel, Correll (53) Quantitative, single group, descriptive study: contact logs and SU survey after 6 months of use 1/4 Ten MH services, USA, 2013-2014 Health Technology Program (HTP) WB and MDB: smartphone illness SM app, website with daily support and education resources. Smartphone and laptop provided to SU. Workers support use, view website data and respond to messages. n = 200
schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, psychotic disorder
currently or recently in hospital;
59% male; mean age 34 years
n = undisclosed
Health technology coach (research role): trained CM
Thomas, Farhall (54) Quantitative, feasibility pilot, single group study after 3 months use: SU questionnaires, usage data, and post intervention 1:1 IV used as illustrative quotes 4/4 Community MH service, Australia, 2015 Self-Management and Recovery Technology (SMART)
WB SM and recovery-focused website. Tablet device provided to worker to use website with SU in 8 sessions.
n = 10
psychotic disorder; 90% male; mean age 42 years
n = 2
MH worker (research role)
Schlosser, Campellone (55) Quantitative, single group feasibility study in intervention design phase and prior to RCT: SU satisfaction and usage data, after 3 months use. 1:1 IV used as illustrative quotes 4/4 Early psychosis clinic and community treatment centres, USA, year not stated Personalized Real-Time Intervention for Motivation Enhancement (PRIME)
MDB and WB: smartphone app for SU to select and monitor goals, communicate with peers, and worker. Profile viewed by worker on website.
Smart phone provided to SU.
n = 20
recent onset schizophrenia (10 used PRIME version 1, 10 used PRIME version 2); 85% male, mean age 23 years
n = 6
Motivation coaches (research role): Masters-level clinicians
Fortuna, Dimilia (56) Quantitative, pilot feasibility study, single group: SU questionnaires at BL, 1 and 3 months; fidelity assessment; usage data 3/4 Community clinical teams, USA, year not stated PeerTECH
MDB and WB: smartphone SM app, WB eModules delivered in sessions with PW, text messaging with PW. Smartphone provided to SU.
n = 8
Older adults,
SMI and co-morbid chronic medical conditions: 25% schizophrenia diagnosis; 12.5% male; mean age 68 years
n = 3
Certified peer specialists (research role)
  1. BL baseline, CM case manager, IV interview, MDB mobile-device based, MH mental health, PW peer worker, RCT randomized controlled trial, SM self-management, SMI severe mental illness, SU service user, WB web-based