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Table 3 Study characteristics: Interventions used with worker employed in research

From: Internet-based interventions to support recovery and self-management: A scoping review of their use by mental health service users and providers together


Design/MMAT Rating



Service users/ diagnosis

Workers/ profession

Baumel, Correll (53)

Quantitative, single group, descriptive study: contact logs and SU survey after 6 months of use 1/4

Ten MH services, USA, 2013-2014

Health Technology Program (HTP) WB and MDB: smartphone illness SM app, website with daily support and education resources. Smartphone and laptop provided to SU. Workers support use, view website data and respond to messages.

n = 200

schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, psychotic disorder

currently or recently in hospital;

59% male; mean age 34 years

n = undisclosed

Health technology coach (research role): trained CM

Thomas, Farhall (54)

Quantitative, feasibility pilot, single group study after 3 months use: SU questionnaires, usage data, and post intervention 1:1 IV used as illustrative quotes 4/4

Community MH service, Australia, 2015

Self-Management and Recovery Technology (SMART)

WB SM and recovery-focused website. Tablet device provided to worker to use website with SU in 8 sessions.

n = 10

psychotic disorder; 90% male; mean age 42 years

n = 2

MH worker (research role)

Schlosser, Campellone (55)

Quantitative, single group feasibility study in intervention design phase and prior to RCT: SU satisfaction and usage data, after 3 months use. 1:1 IV used as illustrative quotes 4/4

Early psychosis clinic and community treatment centres, USA, year not stated

Personalized Real-Time Intervention for Motivation Enhancement (PRIME)

MDB and WB: smartphone app for SU to select and monitor goals, communicate with peers, and worker. Profile viewed by worker on website.

Smart phone provided to SU.

n = 20

recent onset schizophrenia (10 used PRIME version 1, 10 used PRIME version 2); 85% male, mean age 23 years

n = 6

Motivation coaches (research role): Masters-level clinicians

Fortuna, Dimilia (56)

Quantitative, pilot feasibility study, single group: SU questionnaires at BL, 1 and 3 months; fidelity assessment; usage data 3/4

Community clinical teams, USA, year not stated


MDB and WB: smartphone SM app, WB eModules delivered in sessions with PW, text messaging with PW. Smartphone provided to SU.

n = 8

Older adults,

SMI and co-morbid chronic medical conditions: 25% schizophrenia diagnosis; 12.5% male; mean age 68 years

n = 3

Certified peer specialists (research role)

  1. BL baseline, CM case manager, IV interview, MDB mobile-device based, MH mental health, PW peer worker, RCT randomized controlled trial, SM self-management, SMI severe mental illness, SU service user, WB web-based