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Table 2 Linear regression investigating associations between SRQ-20 scores and grandchild emotional problems across generations

From: Grandmothers’ mental health is associated with grandchildren’s emotional and behavioral development: a three-generation prospective study in Brazil

  Model 1: Unadjusted β-coefficients (95% CI, p) for a 5-point increase in SRQ-20d score Model 2: Adjusteda β-coefficients (95% CI, p) for a 5-point increase in SRQ-20d score
G1 to G3 (n = 92) All grandmothers Maternal grandmothers (n = 68) Paternal grandmothers (n = 24) All grandmothersb Maternal grandmothers (n = 68) Paternal grandmothers (n = 24)
Emotional problems in G3 1.3 (0.2, 2.4), 0.021 2.0 (0.8, 3.0), 0.001 − 0.1 (−3.0, 2.7), 0.934 1.3 (0.1, 2.6), 0.037 2.1 (0.8, 3.4), 0.001 − 0.9 (−5.4, 3.5), 0.666
G2 to G3 (n = 92) All parents Mothers Fathers All parentsc Mothers Fathers
Emotional problems in G3 0.9 (−16, 2.1), 0.092 1.7 (0.6, 2.8), 0.003 −1.2 (−4.3, 1.9), 0.446 0.9 (−26, 2.2), 0.123 1.8 (0.6, 3.0), 0.005 − 1.2 (− 5.8, 3.4), 0.578
  1. Note: dSRQ-20: Self-Reported Questionnaire; aAdjusted for grandmother and parent schooling, family income, grandmother age, gender, grandmother ethnicity, grandchild age at assessment, parental and grandparental skin colour and gender, parental parity and marital status; bParent gender x grandmother symptoms interaction in Model 2: p = 0.049; cParent gender x symptoms interaction in Model 2: p = 0.033