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Table 3 Linear regression investigating associations between SRQ-20 scores and grandchild behavioural problems across generations

From: Grandmothers’ mental health is associated with grandchildren’s emotional and behavioral development: a three-generation prospective study in Brazil

  Model 1: Unadjusted β-coefficients (95% CI, p) for a 5-point increase in SRQ-20d score Model 2: Adjusteda β-coefficients (95% CI, p) for a 5-point increase in SRQ-20d score
G1 to G3 (n = 92) All grandmothers Maternal grandmothers (n = 68) Paternal grandmothers (n = 24) All grandmothersb Maternal grandmothers (n = 68) Paternal grandmothers (n = 24)
Behavioural problems in G3 1.8 (0.1, 3.6), 0.042 2.7 (0.7, 4.6), 0.008 −0.2 (−4.2, 4.6), 0.912 1.7 (− 0.3, 3.7), 0.94 2.5 (0.5, 4.7), 0.018 −3.4 (−11.5, 4.7), 0.377
G2 to G3 (n = 92) All parents Mothers Fathers All parentsc Mothers Fathers
Behavioural problems in G3 1.7 (−0.2, 3.7), 0.094 2.7 (0.7, 4.6), 0.008 −0.2 (−4.19, 3.8), 0.912 0.84 (− 0.9, 2.7), 0.366 2.0 (0.4, 3.9), 0.046 −2.7 (−8.9, 3.4), 0.355
  1. Note: dSRQ-20: Self-Reported Questionnaire; aAdjusted for grandmother and parent schooling, family income, grandmother age, gender, grandmother ethnicity, grandchild age at assessment, parental and grandparental skin colour and gender, parental parity and marital status; bParent gender x grandmother symptoms interaction in Model 2: p = 0.042; cParent x gender symptoms interaction in Model 2: p = 0.018