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Table 4 Effect Sizes by Subgroup according to Intervention Outcomes

From: The effectiveness of virtual reality for people with mild cognitive impairment or dementia: a meta-analysis

Subgroup Categories k −95%CI ES + 95%CI p SE
Intervention Outcomes Physical fitness 12 0.16 0.41 0.65 .001 0.12
Cognition 36 0.24 0.42 0.60 .000 0.06
Emotion 10 −0.07 0.14 0.36 .198 0.11
Execution 6 −0.34 0.07 0.49 .335 0.21
Feasibility 7 −0.10 0.12 0.34 .302 0.10
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; ES, effect size; k, number of effect size; SE, standard error