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Table 2 Consultation with specialists for non-psychiatric illness during the previous 12 months

From: Utilization of somatic healthcare in Croatian patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder, major depression, PTSD and the general population

  Had a consultation 95% (CI) Unadjusted Adjusteda, multivariable
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) p
GEP 283 (50.0) (46–54) 1   1   
SSD 141 (50.0) (44–56)) 1.00 (0.75–1.33) 0.89 (0.61–1.28) 0.520
MDD 132 (74.2) (67–80) 2.87 (1.98–4.17) 1.64 (1.04–2.59) 0.033
PTSD 64 (74.4) (64–83) 2.91 (1.74–4.85) 2.29 (1.20–4.37) 0.012
Gender
 men 256 (45.1) (41–49)) 1   1   
 women 364 (66.9) (63–71) 2.47 (1.93–3.14) 3.01 (2.26–4.02) < 0.001
Age     1.02 (1.01–1.03) 0.99 (0.98–1.01) 0.316
Education
 primary 72 (55.8) (47–65) 1   1   
 secondary 384 (55.3) (52–59) 0.98 (0.67–1.43) 1.13 (0.72–1.78) 0.583
 university 164 (56.9) (51–63) 1.05 (0.69–1.59) 1.44 (0.88–2.37) 0.151
Marital status
 single 188 (45.7) (41–51) 1   1   
 married 339 (60.2) (56–64) 1.80 (1.39–2.33) 1.24 (0.84–1.83) 0.284
 widowed or divorced 102 (66.7) (59–74) 2.37 (1.61–3.50) 1.20 (0.72–2.01) 0.487
Working status
 employed 348 (54.0) (50–58) 1   1   
 unemployed 101 (51.3) (44–58) 0.90 (0.65–1.23) 0.84 (0.57–1.24) 0.390
 retired 171 (63.1) (57–69) 1.45 (1.09–1.95) 0.84 (0.57–1.26) 0.842
Body mass index (kg/m2)     1.04 (1.01–1.06) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.249
Self-perceived general health
 good or average 452 (50.1) (47–53) 1   1   
 bad 168 (80.4) (74–86) 4.09 (2.84–5.89) 2.14 (1.38–3.31) 0.001
Having a CPI 377 (68.3) (64–72) 2.95 (2.30–3.78) 1.76 (1.27–2.45) 0.001
Number of physical comorbidities     1.51 (1.39–1.65) 2.14 (1.38–1.37) < 0.001
Being hospitalized for physical illness during the last 12 months 162 (81.0) (75–86) 4.23 (2.90–6.16) 3.68 (2.40–5.64) < 0.001
  1. Data are presented number (percentage; percentage’s 95% CI) of participants
  2. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, p two-tails statistical significance calculated using multivariable binary logistic regression, GEP general population, SSD schizophrenia spectrum disorder, MDD major depressive disorder, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, IQR interquartile range, CPI chronic physical illness
  3. aAdjustment was done for: gender, age, marital status, working status, body mass index, self-perceived general health, number of physical illnesses, hospitalization during the 12 months before the enrollment