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Table 5 Comparison among the Italian, Polish and Spanish sample: socio-demographic, clinical information, EAT-26 and ORTO-15 questionnaires scores

From: Orthorexia nervosa, eating patterns and personality traits: a cross-cultural comparison of Italian, Polish and Spanish university students

 Italian sample
% (N)
Polish sample
% (N)
Spanish sample
% (N)
P
32.53 (216)31.02 (206)36.45 (242) 
Gender
 Males26.77 (34) 22.9712.14 (25) 16.8936.78 (89) 60.14< 0.0001
 Females73.23 (93) 21.7887.86 (181) 42.3963.22 (153) 35.83
Sport Activity
 Yes63.43 (137) 36.2447.57 (98) 25.9359.09 (143) 37.830.003
 No36.57 (79) 27.6252.43 (108) 37.7640.91 (99) 34.62
Dieting
 Yes1.85 (4) 4.9421.84 (45) 55.5613.22 (32) 39.51< 0.0001
 No98.15 (212) 36.3678.16 (161) 27.6286.78 (210) 36.02
Food Supplements
 Yes19.91 (43) 39.4525.24 (52) 47.715.79 (14) 12.84< 0.0001
 No80.09 (173) 31.1774.76 (154) 27.7594.21 (228) 41.08
Self-reported current ED
 Yes0.00 (0) 0.0020.87 (43) 100.000.00 (0) 0.00< 0.0001
 No100.00 (216) 34.7879.13 (163) 26.25100.00 (242) 38.97
Self-reported past ED
 Yes2.31 (5) 25.005.83 (12) 60.001.24 (3) 15.000.02
 No97.69 (211) 32.7694.17 (194) 30.1298.76 (239) 37.11
ORTO-15
 Score < cut-off30.09 (65) 26.4266.50 (137) 55.6918.18 (44) 17.89< 0.0001
 Score > cut-off69.91 (151) 36.1233.50 (69) 16.5181.82 (198) 47.37
EAT-26
 Score ≥ 207.87 (17) 30.3611.17 (23) 41.076.61 (16) 28.570.21
 Score < 2092.13 (199) 32.7388.83 (183) 30.1093.39 (226) 37.17
  1. P-values set in boldface indicate statistical significance