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Table 2 Adjusted hazards ratios for recovery and Improvement (Cox regression analysis)1

From: Lower versus higher frequency of sessions in starting outpatient mental health care and the risk of a chronic course; a naturalistic cohort study

CharacteristicCategoriesImprovementRecovery
Number of sessions in the first 3 months1–3 (ref)2  
4–61.28 (1.08–1.53)1.46 (1.11–1.92)
7–91.30 (1.06–1.59)1.32 (0.96–1.83)
10–121.52 (1.28–1.81)1.72 (1.31–2.26)
> 121.62 (1.35–1.95)2.04 (1.53–2.72)
SexMale (ref)  
Female1.01 (0.90–1.12)1.05 (0.89–1.23)
Age in years 1.00 (1.00–1.01)1.00 (0.99–1.00)
Year treatment started2011 (ref)  
20121.49 (1.26–1.76)1.41 (1.11–1.80)
20131.55 (1.31–1.83)1.54 (1.20–1.97)
20141.99 (1.65–2.41)1.89 (1.42–2.52)
20152.63 (1.98–3.49)2.39 (1.54–3.70)
Diagnostic programAnxiety (ref)  
Depression0.85 (0.76–0.96)0.99 (0.82–1.19)
Personality disorders0.72 (0.61–0.85)0.79 (0.62–1.02)
Pharmacotherapy contactNo (ref)  
Yes0.97 (0.86–1.09)0.88 (0.73–1.05)
Number of available measurements 0.86 (0.84–0.88)0.89 (0.86–0.92)
Group therapyNo group therapy (ref)  
Psychotherapy group0.85 (0.68–1.06)0.94 (0.67–1.31)
Another kind of group0.80 (0.70–0.92)0.78 (0.63–0.96)
OQ-45 total score at start 1.01 (1.01–1.01)0.99 (0.99–0.99)
GAF score at start 1.01 (1.01–1.02)1.02 (1.01–1.03)
  1. 1Data are presented as hazards ratios with corresponding 95% confidence intervals, adjusted for age, sex, year treatment started, diagnostic program, presence of medication contacts, total number of OQ45 measurements, group therapy, OQ45 and GAF scores at the start of treatment
  2. 2Ref = reference category