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Table 3 Means, standard deviations and effect sizes for symptom related outcomes, observed data with imputations, n = 19

From: Effects and clinical feasibility of a behavioral treatment for sleep problems in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a pragmatic within-group pilot evaluation

MeasurePre-treatmentPost-treatmentThree-month Follow-upWithin Group Effect Size d (95% CI)
MSDMSDMSDPre-postPre-Fu3Post-Fu3
ISI15.44.210.96.08.64.70.84*** (0.31–1.37)1.52*** (0.87–2.18)0.42 (−0.12–0.95)
ASRS (total)43.213.240.215.738.713.00.20 (−0,12–0.51)0.34* (0.05–0.62)0.09 (−0.10–0.29)
Inattention23.77.222.28.121.66.70.19 (−0.01–0.39)0.31* (0.05–0.57)0.08 (− 0.18–0.34)
Hyperactivity19.97.917.68.416.56.90.28* (0.00–0.55)0.44*** (0.20–0.69)0.14 (−0.07–0.35)
  1. ISI insomnia severity index, ASRS adult ADHD self-report scale
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001