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Table 2 Food and nutrient intakes of adolescents according to quintiles of DASH-type diet

From: The relationship between adherence to a Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and insomnia

 Quintiles of DASH score (ranged from 0 to 40)
Q1 (n = 98)Q2 (n = 97)Q3 (n = 97)Q4 (n = 98)Q5 (n = 98)P-trenda
Components of DASH-diet style
 Fruits (serving/1000Kcal)0.46 ± 350.54 ± 0.360.74 ± 0.560.79 ± 0.540.8 ± 0.42< 0.001
 Vegetables (serving/1000Kcal)0.56 ± 0.290.73 ± 0.590.62 ± 0.30.83 ± 0.490.95 ± 0.5< 0.001
 Nuts, legume, seed (serving/1000Kcal)0.33 ± 0.510.41 ± 0.450.51 ± 0.680.56 ± 0.430.61 ± 0.61< 0.001
 Low fat dairy (serving/1000Kcal)0.22 ± 0.240.35 ± 0.290.39 ± 0.270.36 ± 0.220.45 ± 0.29< 0.001
 Whole grain (serving/1000Kcal)1.97 ± 1.892.41 ± 2.32.85 ± 1.983.04 ± 2.213.5 ± 2.08< 0.001
 Red and processed meat (serving/1000Kcal)0.31 ± 0.20.3 ± 0.30.27 ± 0.290.19 ± 0.150.14 ± 0.09< 0.001
 Sweetened beverage (serving/1000Kcal)0.19 ± 0.190.13 ± 0.170.13 ± 0.220.12 ± 0.230.04 ± 0.06< 0.001
 Sodium (milligram/1000Kcal)1.6 ± 1.21.19 ± 0.870.93 ± 0.751.08 ± 1.480.63 ± 0.71< 0.001
Dietary nutrient intake
 Total energy (Kcal)2567 ± 6482505 ± 6502616 ± 6542791 ± 6982687 ± 7590.03
 Protein (g/1000Kcal)31.7 ± 5.933.4 ± 5.734.1 ± 5.433.9 ± 4.236.8 ± 5.4< 0.001
 Carbohydrate (g/1000Kcal)132.4 ± 19.2134.3 ± 18.8136.3 ± 18.9138.4 ± 16.4142.02 ± 17.40.003
 Total fat (g/1000Kcal)40.05 ± 9.538.8 ± 8.738 ± 8.937.3 ± 7.234.7 ± 8.09< 0.001
 Dietary fiber (g/1000Kcal)16.1 ± 6.215.9 ± 6.216.3 ± 7.0716.8 ± 4.918.2 ± 5.30.04
 Vitamin C (mg/1000Kcal)28.1 ± 1433.2 ± 16.237.6 ± 26.640.7 ± 25.0642.1 ± 24.2< 0.001
 Vitamin D (mcg/1000Kcal)0.76 ± 0.690.81 ± 0.660.85 ± 0.580.76 ± 0.441.07 ± 0.80.007
 Folate (mcg/1000Kcal)225 ± 51225 ± 47219 ± 49230 ± 43243 ± 500.01
 Potassium (mg/1000Kcal)1229 ± 2371334 ± 2821390 ± 2651426 ± 2591539 ± 250< 0.001
 Calcium (mg/1000Kcal)379 ± 123429 ± 144441 ± 132429 ± 112479,139< 0.001
 Magnesium (mg/1000Kcal)155.6 ± 36.6225.1 ± 47.9219.3 ± 49.9230 ± 43.6243.9 ± 50.5< 0.001
  1. Data reported as mean ± SD
  2. a Linear regression was used to test the trend of continuous variables according to quintiles