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Table 3 Overview of the here reviewed 15 clinical studies and case reports, which presented subjects with frontotemporal arachnoid cysts and cognitive decline as well as other neurological symptoms

From: Case report: a giant arachnoid cyst masking Alzheimer’s disease

Piece of literature # of patients Age of patients Sex Hemisphere Interhemispheric Cognitive impairment Other symptoms Surgery
Amin, 2013 1 65 m right no yes spastic left sided hemiparesis, late onset seizures no
Bohnen, 2016 1 70 m left no yes gait disturbance no
Gjerde, 2013 22 22-68 12x m/ 10xf 14x left, 8x right no yes (4 pat.) vertigo (2 pat.), headache (19 pat.), epilepsy (2 pat.) yes
Golaz, 1993 1   f   yes yes no no
Hishikawa, 2002 1 64 f left no yes headache, speech disturbance yes
Hishikawa, 2002 1 73 f   yes no right hemiparesis yes
Kotil, 2007 1 70 f   yes yes vertigo, behavioral disturbance yes
Lebowitz, 2006 1 33 m left no yes no no
Miyaji, 2012 1 68 m left no yes headache, acalculia, agraphia, finger agnosia no
Ramtahal, 2006 1 61 f   yes yes gait disturbance, incontinence yes
Shirakawa, 1991 1 72 f right no yes gait disturbance, incontinence yes
Sugimoto, 2016 1 72 m   yes yes gait disturbance, dizziness yes
Wester, 1995 13   11x m/ 2x f left no no seizures (3 pat.), hemiparesis (2 pat.), yes
Zwagerman, 2016 1 49 f left no no staring spells, expressive dysphasia, tremor yes