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Table 1 Factors associated with suicidal ideation among the hypertensive patients in Shandong, China, 2016

From: Suicidal ideation among the hypertensive individuals in Shandong, China: a path analysis

Characteristics Total n (%) Suicidal Ideation P
Yes (%) No (%)
Observation 3911 767 (19.6) 3144 (80.4)  
Comorbidity     0.000
 Yes 1326 (33.9) 334 (25.2) 992 (74.8)  
 No 2585 (66.1) 433 (16.8) 2152 (83.2)  
Gender     0.000
 Male 1433 (36.6) 202 (14.1) 1231 (85.9)  
 Female 2478 (63.4) 565 (22.8) 1913 (77.2)  
Age     0.277
 <60 847 (21.7) 155 (18.3) 692 (81.7)  
 ≥60 3064 (78.3) 612 (20.0) 2452 (80.0)  
Marital status     0.000
 Single a 686 (17.5) 185 (27.0) 501 (73.0)  
 Married 3225 (82.5) 582 (18.0) 2643 (82.0)  
Education     
 Illiteracy or semiliterate 1502 (38.4) 349 (23.2) 1153 (76.8) 0.000
 Primary school 1363 (34.9) 272 (20.0) 1091 (80.0)  
 Junior school 750 (19.2) 112 (14.9) 638 (85.1)  
 Senior school or above 296 (7.6) 34 (11.5) 262 (88.5)  
Economic status b     0.000
 Q1 982 (25.1) 250 (25.5) 732 (74.5)  
 Q2 976 (25.0) 220 (22.5) 756 (77.5)  
 Q3 977 (25.0) 187 (19.1) 790 (80.9)  
 Q4 976 (25.0) 110 (11.3) 866 (88.7)  
Residence     0.000
 Rural 3113 (79.6) 671 (21.6) 2442 (78.4)  
 Urban 798 (20.4) 96 (12.0) 702 (88.0)  
Smoking     0.000
 No 2987 (76.4) 647 (21.7) 2340 (78.3)  
 Yes 924 (23.6) 120 (13.0) 804 (87.0)  
Alcohol use     0.000
 No 3256 (83.3) 693 (21.3) 2563 (78.7)  
 Yes 655 (16.7) 74 (11.3) 581 (88.7)  
Exercise (time/a week)     0.000
 <1 1588 (40.6) 393 (24.7) 1195 (75.3)  
 1–2 214 (5.5) 43 (20.1) 171 (79.9)  
 ≥3 2109 (53.9) 331 (15.7) 1778 (84.3)  
Number of medicine     0.718
 0 455 (11.6) 83 (18.2) 372 (81.8)  
 1 2300 (58.9) 465 (20.2) 1835 (79.8)  
 ≥2 1156 (29.5) 219 (19.0) 937 (81.0)  
Duration     0.202
 <5 1230 (31.4) 221 (18.0) 1009 (82.0)  
 5- 1234 (31.6) 239 (19.4) 995 (80.6)  
 15- 531 (13.6) 115 (21.7) 416 (78.3)  
 20+ 916 (23.4) 192 (21.0) 724 (79.0)  
Hospitalization     0.000
 No 3371 (86.2) 622 (18.5) 2749 (81.5)  
 Yes 540 (13.8) 145 (26.9) 395 (73.1)  
K10c     0.000
 1 2358 (60.3) 144 (6.1) 2214 (93.9)  
 2 624 (16.0) 164 (26.3) 460 (73.7)  
 3 499 (12.8) 205 (41.1) 294 (58.9)  
 4 430 (11.0) 254 (59.1) 176 (40.9)  
  1. Note: P-values indicate statistical significance at 5% level
  2. aSingles include those who are unmarried (1.7%), divorced (0.3%), widowed (15.5%)
  3. bQuartile 1(Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4(Q4) is the richest
  4. cK10 means 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale:1 was suggestive of lower risk of suffering from mental illness, 2 was indicative of low risk of a mental illness,3 was suggestive of relatively high risk of psychiatric disorders, and 4 was indicative of higher risk of mental disorders