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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations of geriatric depression with dichotomized variables of socio-demographic information, life style, family support and physical well-being among the elderly (n = 439)

From: Prevalence of geriatric depression in the Kavre district, Nepal: Findings from a cross sectional community survey

Variables n (%) Bivariate analyses Multivariate analyses
OR (95% CI) p AORa (95% CI) p
Socio-demographic variables
Age (in year)
  < 75 306 (69.7) reference reference
  ≥ 75 133 (30.3) 1.9 (1.3–2.9) 0.003 1.3 (0.8–2.1) 0.36
Gender
 Male 201 (45.8) reference reference
 Female 238 (55.2) 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 0.14 0.9 (0.5–1.4) 0.53
Residence
 Urban 217 (49.4) reference reference
 Rural 222 (50.6) 1.9 (1.3–2.7) 0.001 1.6 (1.1–2.4) 0.046
Educational status
 Literate 61 (13.9) reference reference
 Illiterate 378 (86.1) 3.1 (1.7–5.1) < 0.001 2.1 (1.1–4.0) 0.037
Marital status
 Married 265 (60.1) reference reference
 Unmarried/widowhood/separate 175 (39.1) 2.0 (1.4–3.0) < 0.001 1.4 (0.9–2.4) 0.16
Current alcohol consumption
 No 331 (75.4) reference reference
 Yes 108 (24.6) 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 0.059 1.6 (0.9–2.7) 0.065
Family support variables
 Time given by family
  Yes 274 (62.4) reference reference
  No 165 (37.6) 3.0 (2.0–4.5) < 0.001 1.8 (1.1–2.9) 0.012
Financial support
 Self-manage 277 (63.1) reference reference
 Family support 162 (36.9) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 0.18 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.38
Perceived respect from family
 Yes 389 (88.6) reference reference
 No 50 (11.4) 4.1 (1.9–8.7) < 0.001 2.1 (0.9–4.9) 0.069
Verbal and/or physical abuse by family
 No 348 (79.3) reference reference
 Yes 91 (20.7) 3.8 (2.2–6.6) < 0.001 2.6 (1.4–4.8) 0.002
Physical well-being
 Chronic physical health problems
  No 281 (64.0) reference reference
  Yes 158 (36.0) 1.7 (1.1–2.5) 0.013 1.8 (1.2–2.8) 0.012
Mobility (ability to go out of home)
 Able to go out of home 291 (66.3) reference reference
 Unable to go out of home 148 (33.7) 2.3 (1.5–3.4) < 0.001 1.4 (0.9–2.3) 0.046
  1. aadjusted age, gender, residence, education status, marital status, current alcohol consumption, time given by family, financial support, perceived respect from family, verbal and/or physical abuse by family, physical mobility and presence of physical chronic health problem; AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval