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Table 5 Associations of selected patient characteristics and likelihood of receiving biomedical treatment in the last 12 months

From: The psychosis treatment gap and its consequences in rural Ethiopia

Characteristics Response categories Number interviewed % who received biomedical treatment Crude Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95%Confidence Interval)
Sex Male 172 36.6   Ref
Female 128 44.5 1.39 (0.87,2.21) 1.55 (0.92, 2.61)
Residence Urban 60 41.7   Ref
Rural 239 39.8 0.92 (0.52,1.64) 1.11 (0.57,2.18)
Education Illiterate 157 32.5   Ref
Read and write 53 37.7 1.26 (0.66,2.41) 1.27 (0.62, 2.62)
Formal Education 89 53.9 2.43 (1.43,4.15) 2.40 (1.27,4.53)
Relative wealth Low or very low 191 38.7   Ref
Medium or above 109 42.2 1.15 (0.72,1.86) 0.96 (0.57,1.62)
Received traditional treatment in the last 12 months No 136 25.0   Ref
  Yes 164 52.4 3.31 (2.02,5.42) 3.22 (1.90,5.49)
    Mean (SD)   
Age   300 35.5 (13.5) 0.99 (0.97,1.00) 1.00 (0.98,1.02)
BPRSE   294 48.5 (15.6) 1.00 (0.98,1.01) 1.00 (0.98,1.02)
Social support   300 9.4 (2.4) 1.09 (0.99,1.21) 1.06 (0.95, 1.19)
  1. BPRSE Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale Expanded Version