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Table 4 Positive emotion: the different acoustic features between depressed and healthy people under different tasks

From: Acoustic differences between healthy and depressed people: a cross-situation study

  Video Watching Question Answering Text Reading Picture Describing
healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2
loudness 0.38 ± 0.17 0.16 ± 0.16 34.07*** .26 0.38 ± 0.16 0.17 ± 0.17 30.92*** .24 0.48 ± 0.2 0.23 ± 0.23 24.49*** .20 0.35 ± 0.16 0.16 ± 0.16 24.61*** .20
mfcc1 −0.32 ± 4.18 0.58 ± 3.81 2.92 .03 0.08 ± 3.34 0.79 ± 3.32 1.30 .01 2.67 ± 3.26 2.69 ± 3.1 0.00 .00 − 0.83 ± 3.76 0.59 ± 3.19 5.44* .05
mfcc2 7.81 ± 3.66 8.63 ± 2.70 1.93 .02 8.07 ± 2.93 8.68 ± 2.71 2.07 .02 5.39 ± 4.13 8.35 ± 4.57 13.87*** .12 8.29 ± 2.81 9.36 ± 3.01 3.06 .03
mfcc3 6.19 ± 4.83 3.28 ± 3.40 9.31** .09 6.98 ± 4.46 3.17 ± 3.35 18.87*** .16 4.82 ± 5.53 0.34 ± 4.6 14.17*** .13 7.27 ± 4.69 3.89 ± 3.73 12.77** .11
mfcc4 5.90 ± 4.23 3.94 ± 4.22 6.57* .06 5.04 ± 4.41 3.13 ± 4.25 3.23 .03 0.91 ± 6.13 −0.61 ± 6.71 0.24 .00 6.2 ± 3.95 3.78 ± 4.59 7.56** .07
mfcc5 3.23 ± 6.12 −3.88 ± 6.79 27.60*** .22 1.67 ± 5.25 −4.93 ± 6.3 26.56*** .21 − 1.98 ± 6.35 − 10.39 ± 8.97 20.80*** .17 2.75 ± 5.61 −3.52 ± 5.12 27.07*** .21
mfcc6 3.83 ± 6.88 5.78 ± 6.49 1.10 .01 3.17 ± 5.41 5.95 ± 6.56 3.07 .03 0.34 ± 6.63 5.04 ± 8.16 8.20** .08 3.67 ± 5.34 5.42 ± 6.68 0.68 .01
mfcc7 −0.21 ± 5.32 − 7.25 ± 4.69 47.63*** .33 − 0.27 ± 5.06 − 7.6 ± 74.11 57.35*** .37 − 2.12 ± 5.86 − 10.77 ± 4.51 55.24*** .36 0.19 ± 4.96 − 7.33 ± 3.72 64.00*** .39
mfcc8 2.17 ± 5.51 1.90 ± 4.47 0.18 .00 0.76 ± 5.43 1.87 ± 4.59 1.18 .01 0.44 ± 7.11 1.53 ± 5.63 1.36 .01 1.85 ± 4.92 1.42 ± 4.09 0.43 .00
mfcc9 0.33 ± 4.37 2.37 ± 4.15 4.51* .04 − 0.36 ± 5.41 1.67 ± 3.93 3.86 .04 −1.59 ± 6.55 1.01 ± 5.46 6.99** .07 0.39 ± 4.79 2.23 ± 3.57 2.83 .03
mfcc10 1.58 ± 5.48 1.29 ± 5.16 0.09 .00 0.83 ± 6.04 0.34 ± 4.99 0.23 .00 −1.42 ± 7.99 − 4.13 ± 7.04 2.21 .02 1.3 ± 5.85 1.01 ± 4.9 0.09 .00
mfcc11 − 0.75 ± 5.08 − 0.56 ± 4.20 0.07 .00 − 0.73 ± 4.51 − 0.84 ± 4.14 0.17 .00 − 2.87 ± 5.23 − 3.13 ± 4.71 0.00 .00 −0.64 ± 4.03 −0.01 ± 3.85 0.16 .00
mfcc12 −2.17 ± 3.67 − 1.05 ± 2.84 1.10 .01 −1.61 ± 3.56 −1.54 ± 3.05 0.02 .00 −3.02 ± 3.98 −3.18 ± 3.25 0.52 .01 −2.21 ± 3.65 −1.22 ± 2.46 0.58 .01
lsp0 0.2 ± 0.04 0.21 ± 0.04 0.08 .00 0.2 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.03 0.54 .01 0.19 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.02 0.46 .00 0.21 ± 0.04 0.2 ± 0.03 0.02 .00
lsp1 0.62 ± 0.06 0.62 ± 0.07 0.36 .00 0.61 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.06 0.02 .00 0.55 ± 0.04 0.56 ± 0.05 4.42* .04 0.63 ± 0.06 0.62 ± 0.06 1.14 .01
lsp2 0.97 ± 0.07 0.98 ± 0.06 0.38 .00 0.97 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.06 1.68 .02 0.92 ± 0.07 0.95 ± 0.06 5.72* .05 0.98 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.05 0.00 .00
lsp3 1.33 ± 0.07 1.3 ± 0.09 4.70* .05 1.33 ± 0.07 1.29 ± 0.09 3.42 .03 1.28 ± 0.07 1.24 ± 0.08 3.53 .03 1.34 ± 0.07 1.3 ± 0.08 7.39** .07
lsp4 1.66 ± 0.08 1.61 ± 0.1 8.55** .08 1.66 ± 0.07 1.6 ± 0.1 10.60** .10 1.62 ± 0.07 1.54 ± 0.1 16.49*** .14 1.67 ± 0.07 1.61 ± 0.09 13.44*** .12
lsp5 1.99 ± 0.07 1.96 ± 0.11 3.24 .03 1.99 ± 0.06 1.94 ± 0.11 4.38* .04 1.95 ± 0.07 1.89 ± 0.11 7.36** .07 2.0 ± 0.06 1.95 ± 0.1 5.50* .05
lsp6 2.36 ± 0.07 2.31 ± 0.11 5.18* .05 2.36 ± 0.06 2.3 ± 0.11 9.27** .09 2.33 ± 0.08 2.23 ± 0.13 15.00*** .13 2.37 ± 0.06 2.31 ± 0.1 11.37** .10
lsp7 2.72 ± 0.04 2.7 ± 0.05 3.13 .03 2.72 ± 0.04 2.69 ± 0.05 6.98* .07 2.7 ± 0.05 2.65 ± 0.07 16.99*** .15 2.72 ± 0.04 2.7 ± 0.05 7.71** .07
zcr 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 1.77 .02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 7.95** .07 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 13.76*** .12 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 3.53 .03
vp 0.55 ± 0.08 0.51 ± 0.06 8.43** .08 0.56 ± 0.06 0.51 ± 0.05 17.95*** .15 0.59 ± 0.07 0.57 ± 0.07 7.63** .07 0.55 ± 0.07 0.51 ± 0.05 7.66** .07
F0 126.5 ± 54.73 89.62 ± 41.16 10.48** .10 128.32 ± 41.95 90.72 ± 36.79 20.13*** .17 140.33 ± 39.77 109.61 ± 37.3 18.58*** .16 124.69 ± 48.05 89.01 ± 37.79 11.59** .10
F0env 299.33 ± 38.45 279.74 ± 48.49 4.74* .05 296.98 ± 36.47 274.64 ± 9.57 5.57* .05 266.53 ± 42.48 230.66 ± 43.66 12.78*** .11 298.89 ± 37.26 271.72 ± 45.88 9.99** .09
  1. *, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001; In the column of ηp2, we use bold for representing the features have large effect sizes. the upright features represent the features which are significant across all tasks